Biochemical Nutritional Assessment Flashcards Preview

PH 162 > Biochemical Nutritional Assessment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Biochemical Nutritional Assessment Deck (26)
0

Biochemical assessment is an indirect way of assessing nutritional status. T or F?

F

Direct way siya

1

What protein is usually checked in chronically ill patients? In chronically ill patients, what is the usual level of this protein?

Albumin
Low albumin

2

Give two vitamin deficiencies that may have anemia as a secondary condition

Cobalamin deficiency
Folate deficiency

3

Where are red blood cell indices measured?

Complete Blood Count

4

Where is the structure of blood cells observed?

Peripheral blood smear

5

Reticulocyte count permits an estimate of __

Marrow RBC production

6

Estimate of hematocrit=hemoglobin x __

3

7

Which is true?
A. Men have higher normal range for mean corpuscular volume
B. Men have higher normal range for mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
C. Men have higher normal range for hematocrit and reticulocyte count

C

A and B:equal at both sexes

8

Which is an accurate measurement of bone health?
A.serum Ca
B.ionized Ca
C.both A and B
D.neither A nor B

B

9

In blood, 50%of Ca is ionized in serum, and 50% is bound to __

Protein

10

__level Ca irritates nerves
__level Ca depresses nerve irritability

Low
High

11

80% of Phosphorus is found as ___ in bone and teeth

Insoluble apatite

12

False about osteomalacia
A.deficient Vit D,Ca,Ca3PO4
B.abnormal organic matrix formation
C.elevated alkaline phosphatase
D.excessive uncalcified osteoid

B

abnormal bone calcification dapat

13

False about osteoporosis
A.deficient Anabolic hormones
B.abnormal organic matrix formation
C.elevated alkaline phosphatase
D.decreased ossification

C

normal dapat.

14

In osteoporosis, mineral composition of bones remain normal

T or F

T

15

Bone densitometry is a biochemical exam.
T or F

F

16

What is the 2nd most abundant cation in intracellular fluids?

Magnesium

17

False about Magnesium
A. With increase of Ach release at motor end plate
B. Used in treatment of eclamptic seizures
C. Lack of it may lead to CNS irritability, convulsions

A

18

Optimal LDL cholesterol range is __

19

Desirable Total cholesterol range is __

20

Optimal triglyceride level range is __

21

Which two blood sugar tests usually yield the same result?

Random blood sugar & 2-hr Postprandial Glucose Test

22

A.Kind of hemoglobin fhat is formed when hemoglobin is exposed to plasma glucose
B.measures the average blood sugar within life of RBC

Identify

Hemoglobin A1c

23

usually used to test for gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnant pagients

Oral Glucose Challenge/Tolerance Test

24

Urine analysis is useful in assessing ___ status of patient

Hydration

25

When there is blood in urine, usually __ is also high

Uric acid