Anthro Assessment Flashcards Preview

PH 162 > Anthro Assessment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anthro Assessment Deck (37)
1

Which measurement is not used for infants and young kids?
A. Weight
B. Head circumference
C. Knee height
D. Skinfold thickness

C

2

Prevalence of severe acute malnutition among children under 5 is a crisis indicator of __

Food security

3

All define severe acute malnutrition except
A. Visible severe wasting
B. Below -3z scores of median WHO growth standards (weight for age)
C. Edema present

B

Weight for height dapat

4

All define moderate acute malnutrition except
A. Due to wasting/stunting but not both
B. Below -3z scores of median WHO growth standards (weight for age)
C. None of the above

A

The two may co-exist

5

False about wasting
A. may be result of recent rapid weight loss within short time frame
B. may be result of recent rapid weight loss within short time frame
C. may be experienced when complementary foods are being introduced
D. may be an indicator of chronic malnutrition

D

Acute dapat

6

False about stunting
A. may be result of inadequate nutrition within long time frame
B. may have effects that are always reversible
C. may be an indicator of chronic malnutrition

B

Effects not completely reversible

7

Best indicator of wasting

Weight for height

8

Best indicator of stunting

Height for age

9

Children with low __ : underweight

Weight for age

10

T or F
Birth order does not have effect in growth of a child

F

11

Pick the false one
A. Anthropometry is used to screen/identify individuals at high risk to malnutrition.
B. Anthropometry can detect disturbances in nutriture over short period of time.
C. Anthropometry does not take ino account edema and excess water retention.

B

Cannot dapat

12

Identify
Bowl for baby made from metal or bamboo ring and netting

Salter scale

13

In platform beam balance scale, weight should be read to the nearest __ grams

100

14

T or F
Diurnal variations in weight affect children more than adults

F

1 kg at kids
2 kg at adults

15

Which cannot be used for body weight estimation for non-ambulatory individuals
A. Knee height
B. Calf and midatm circumferences
C. Subscapular skinfold thickness
D. Recumbent length

D

16

Measuring instrument used in measuring height

Stadiometer

17

Reading at eye level avoids error caused by parallax. What is parallax?

Difference in apparents reading of measurement scale viewed from various points not in straight lie with the eye

18

Which is false?
A. Head circumference grows much faster by the child becomes 3 y/o
B. Head circumference reaches maturity at 17 y/o
C. During first two weeks of child, head and chest circumferences must nearly be identical
D. All are true

A

slower, not faster

19

Upper body fat distribution is also called___

Android or male type

20

Lower body fat distribution is also called___

Gynoid
Female type

21

Two practical approaches to measure total abdominal fat: enumerate

Waist to hip ratio
Waist circumference

22

When does one use stature measurement alternative?

When there is severe spinal curvature

23

Tool used for knee height

Mediform caliper

24

Distance between tips of middle fingers

Arm span

25

During ___ yrs, arm span is 1-2 cm smaller than body height

26

During ___ yrs, arm span is equal to body height

10-12

27

In adults, arm span is 2cm longer than body height

T or F?

T

28

Tool used to measure elbow breath

Goniometer

29

False about elbow breath
A. Measures body frame size
B. Changes little with age
C. Affected by body fat stores
D. None of the above

C

30

You can get skinfold measure in all of the ff except
A. biceps and triceps
B. midaxillary
C. suprailiac
D. subscapular
E. submandibular

E

31

Describes distribution of subCT and intraabdominal adipose tissue

Waist-hip circumference

32

Index of present malnutrition in children

Weight for age

33

Does WFA distinguish between acute and chronic malnutrition?

No

34

Which is a more sensitive indicator: HFA or WFA?

WFA

35

Does WFH distinguish between acute and chronic malnutrition?

Yes

36

Triceps Skinfold Thickness for age: index of ___

Adiposity

37

Which is false?
A. Anthropometry may be used to determine protein and muscle stores
B. The method can determine moderate and severe degrees of malnutrition.
C. The method can also provide info on past nutritional history.
D. It can also determine specific nutrient deficiency states.

D