Flashcards in Protein Energy Malnutrition Deck (20)
Most critical period of a child's growth & devt is __
Pregnancy of mom until 18 months after birth
False about stunting
A. Normally prop but is shorter than normal for his/her age
B. Starts before birth
C. Reversible regardless of age
D. Occurs over time
Irreversible after a certain age
Diagnosis of SAM can be missed in children in Kwashiorkor because of __.
National prevalence of wasting in the PHL is __%
Sum of prevalence of SAM and MAM at a population level
Global acute malnutrition
Emaciated arms and protruding ribs
Easily plucked hair, shiny feet
May occur in infants who were weaned early fr breast milk
More likely to get dermatosis
Bilateral edema. Excess fluid at body tissue
Severe emaciation or wasting of muscles and fat
Differentiate primary PEM cause fr secondary PEM cause
primary: inadequate food/immediate illness
secondary:low birth weight,failure/stopping of breast feeding
biologic factors of PEM:enumerate
Diet with low conc of protein and energy
envt factors of PEM:enum
lack of santitation
In PEM: Which is not a consequence of adaptive response to energy expenditure?
A. decreased energy expenditure (due to less intake)
B. increase in weight (due to less utilization)
C. muscular wasting (due to more protein catab)
D. less physical work or play
weight loss dapat
True or false: Not all essential amino acids are needed for protein synthesis.
false. pag kulang ang isa, hindi makakagawa ng protein ang katawan.
lack of albumin is c/o lack of AA for it --> edema
functional consequences of PEM: enum
decreased immune response
disruption in cognitive ability
Which is false?
A.66% of adult brain wt is achieved before 1 year of age
B. 90% of adult brain wt is achieved before 4 yrs of age
C.Prolonged severe malnutrition affects brain function rather than brain size.
D.Prolonged severe malnutrition affects growth and biochemical maturity of the brain.
size. not function
False about soluble fiber
A. reduces cholesterol
B. prevents constipation
C. decreases blood glucose
B = for insoluble fiber