Protein Energy Malnutrition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Protein Energy Malnutrition Deck (20)
1

Most critical period of a child's growth & devt is __

Pregnancy of mom until 18 months after birth

2

False about stunting
A. Normally prop but is shorter than normal for his/her age
B. Starts before birth
C. Reversible regardless of age
D. Occurs over time

C

Irreversible after a certain age

3

Diagnosis of SAM can be missed in children in Kwashiorkor because of __.

edema

4

National prevalence of wasting in the PHL is __%

6

5

Sum of prevalence of SAM and MAM at a population level

Global acute malnutrition

6

Emaciated arms and protruding ribs
A.kwashiorkor
B.marasmus
C.both

B

7

Easily plucked hair, shiny feet
A.kwashiorkor
B.marasmus
C.both

A

8

May occur in infants who were weaned early fr breast milk
A.kwashiorkor
B.marasmus
C.both

C

9

More likely to get dermatosis
A.kwashiorkor
B.marasmus
C.both

A

10

Bilateral edema. Excess fluid at body tissue
A.kwashiorkor
B.marasmus
C.both

A

11

Severe emaciation or wasting of muscles and fat
A.marasmus
B.kwashiorkor
C.both

A

12

Differentiate primary PEM cause fr secondary PEM cause

primary: inadequate food/immediate illness
secondary:low birth weight,failure/stopping of breast feeding

13

biologic factors of PEM:enumerate

Maternal malnutrition
Infectious disease
Diet with low conc of protein and energy

14

envt factors of PEM:enum

overcrowding
lack of santitation
agri patterns
postharvest losses

15

In PEM: Which is not a consequence of adaptive response to energy expenditure?
A. decreased energy expenditure (due to less intake)
B. increase in weight (due to less utilization)
C. muscular wasting (due to more protein catab)
D. less physical work or play

B

weight loss dapat

16

True or false: Not all essential amino acids are needed for protein synthesis.

false. pag kulang ang isa, hindi makakagawa ng protein ang katawan.

lack of albumin is c/o lack of AA for it --> edema

17

functional consequences of PEM: enum

growth impairment
decreased immune response
disruption in cognitive ability

18

Which is false?
A.66% of adult brain wt is achieved before 1 year of age
B. 90% of adult brain wt is achieved before 4 yrs of age
C.Prolonged severe malnutrition affects brain function rather than brain size.
D.Prolonged severe malnutrition affects growth and biochemical maturity of the brain.

C

size. not function

19

False about soluble fiber
A. reduces cholesterol
B. prevents constipation
C. decreases blood glucose

B = for insoluble fiber

20

False about insoluble fiber
A. gives feeling of fullness
B. prevents constipation
C. decreases blood glucose

C: for soluble fiber