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Flashcards in Nutri Assessment Overview Deck (45)
1

Enumerate the four methods of nutritional assessment

Anthropometric
Biochemical
Clinical
Dietary

2

____ is the state of the body resulting from the consumption and utilization of nutrients.

Nutriture

3

All are reasons for nutri assessment importance except
A. to identify diet-related disease and persons at risk
B. to determine type of intervention
C. to monitor effects of nutrition intervention
D. none of the above

D

4

This results due to a failure to consume essential nutrients in amounts sufficient to meet existing body needs

primary or dietary inadequacy

5

This results due to a failure to absorb or utilize an essential nutrient due to a bodily state often of pathological basis

secondary or conditioned inadequacy

6

Which is not a cause of secondary inadequacy?
A. interference with excretion
B. interference with ingestion
C. interference with digestion and absorption
D. interference with utilization

A

7

Which is not a cause of secondary inadequacy?
A. increased nutrient requirement
B. increased nutrient excretion
C. increased nutrient recycling
D. increased nutrient destruction

C

8

Which mineral is the slowest in depletion rate?
A. sodium
B. calcium
C. potassium
D. magnesium

B

9

Which mineral is the fastest in depletion rate?
A. thiamin
B. riboflavin
C. folate
D. cobalamin

A

10

There are __ stages in nutrient deficiency
A. 5
B. 6
C. 7
D. 8

D

11

___ method may detect Stage 1 of nutrient deficiency
A. anthropometric
B. biochemical
C. clinical
D. dietary

D

12

___ method may detect Stage 2-5 of nutrient deficiency
A. anthropometric
B. biochemical
C. clinical
D. dietary

B

13

___ method may detect Stage 4 of nutrient deficiency
A. anthropometric
B. biochemical
C. clinical
D. dietary

A

14

___ method may detect Stage 7-8 of nutrient deficiency
A. anthropometric
B. biochemical
C. clinical
D. dietary

C

15

T or F. Dietary assessment is a direct method of assessing nutri status

F

Indirect siya since the individual can do somehing about iit

16

Glutathione peroxidase needs this mineral for co-factor. What is the mineral?

Selenium

17

Which is/are matched?
A. 1 - dietary inadequacy
B. 2 - decreased level in body fluids
C. 3 - decreased level in reserve tissue store
D. 4 - functional change

A

B - dapat 3 yun
C- dapat 2
D - dapat 6

18

Which is/are matched?
A. 8 - clinical symptoms
B. 7 - anatomical signs
C. 5 - decreased activity in nutrient-dep enzymes
D. 4 - decreased functional level in tissue

C and D

A and B - baligtad

19

condition where there is inability to see in dim light

night blindness

20

condition where there is deficient tear production, leading to dry eye

xeropthalmia

21

condition where the cornea becomes thin and soft, eventually ulcerating

keratomalacia

22

deals with measurements of physical dimensions and gross composition of the body
A. anthropometric
B. biochemical
C. clinical
D. dietary

A

23

Which is false?
A. Anthropometric measurements vary with age, sex, race and degree of nutrition
B. The method can determine moderate and severe degrees of malnutrition.
C. The method can also determine specific nutrient deficiency states.
D. all are true

C

24

Recumbent length is an index of ____ NS.
A. acute
B. chronic
C. both

B

25

Head circumference is measured in what age group?
A. > 2 years
B. < 2 years
C. adults
D. adolescents

B

26

Weight for age, height for age, weight for height and head circ for age are collectively known as ___

growth indices

27

You can get skinfold measure in all of the ff except
A. biceps
B. triceps
C. subiliac
D. subscapular
E. submandibular

E

28

Skinfold, waist hip ratio & waist circ all assess __

body fat

29

Mid upper arm circumference, mid upper arm muscle circumferece and mid upper arm muscle area all assess ___

fat free mass

30

Which is false?
A. Measuring body density does not need expensive equipment
B. Knee height and arm span are proxy measures for height.
C. Low arm circumference indicates protein energy malnutrition.
D. none of the above

A

31

measuring a nutrient/its metabolite in blood, feces, or urine
A. anthropometric
B. biochemical
C. clinical
D. dietary

B

32

Which is false about biochemistry?
A. Provides info on marginal deficiency
B. Assesses the NS after signs and symptoms become manifested
C. most objective NS assessment method
D. none of the above

B

Before dapat

33

There are two assessments in biochemical method. Which one deals with the measurement of a certain nutrient concentration in biological specimen?
A. static
B. functional
C. dynamic
D. automatic

A

34

There are two assessments in biochemical method. Which one tests a certain physiological role of a specific nutrient?
A. static
B. functional
C. dynamic
D. automatic

B

35

Which directly indicate protein status?
A. albumin level
B. serum protein level
C. lipoprotein level
D. all of the above

A & B

36

Which directly indicate iron status?
A. serum ferritin
B. serum transferrin
C. hemoglobin
D. all of the above

A and C

37

Which directly indicate lipid status?
A. albumin level
B. serum lipid level
C. lipoprotein level
D. all of the above

B and C

38

assess changes seen/felt in superficial epith tissue; changes believed to be c/o inadeq nutri
A. anthropometric
B. biochemical
C. clinical
D. dietary

C

39

In clinical assessment, what is the test based on the consequence of the body's function/performance due to NS?

functional test

40

provides qualitative and quantitatve information about food consumption at all levels
A. anthropometric
B. biochemical
C. clinical
D. dietary

D

41

Which is false about dietary assessment method?
A. It can be used to predict possible nutrient deficiencies.
B. It assesses the last sign of any nutri deficiency
C. It evaluates the patterns of food use
D. all are true

B

first dapat

42

True or false
There exists a synergism between malnutrition and infection

true

43

Enumerate the cultural patterns related to nutrition

Food Attitudes
Child-rearing practices
Disease-causation

44

Which is not a vital health statistic that may be used as an indirect indicator of NS in the community?
A. Infant Mortality Rate
B. Child Mortality Rate
C. Case Fatality Rate
D. Maternal Mortality Rate

C

45

identify
number of persons falling ill of a specific disease per 1000 population during a given period of time

morbidity rate