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Flashcards in Bipolar 1 Deck (19)
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1

what are the 4 clinical presentations of bipolar disorder

1. mania
2. hypomania
3. mixed mania
4. rapid cycling

2

what is the definition of mania

abnormally elevated, expansive or irritable mood for one week or more

3

when someone presents with mania, what is required

hospitalization

4

what commonly initiates an episode of mania

change in sleep pattern

5

what is the definition of hypomania

elevated, expansive or irritable mood for 4 days

6

what are two major differences in hypomania and mania

1. no psychotic features in hypomania
2. hospitalization not

7

what are the symptoms of mixed mania

1. agitation
2. appetite disturbances
3. suicidal ideation
4. psychosis
PLUS symptoms of depression

8

what is the definition of rapid cycling

four or more episodes in a year where they switch from mania to depression quickly

9

what percesnt of rapid cycling bipolar disorder is seen in women

70-90%

10

what is an emotional stte characterized by anxiety, dissatisfaction or restlessness

dysphoria

11

what is bipolar type II

depressive episodes plus hypomanic episodes

12

what characterizes type I bipolar disorder

evidence of mania

13

what is reoccurring hypomanic symptoms plus depressive symptoms

cyclothymia

14

what is never seen in bipolar type II

full manic or mixed episodes

15

is the first episode of bipolar disorder with women depression or mania?

depression

16

is the first episode of bipolar disorder with men depression or mania?

mania

17

true/ false:
there is no difference in prevalence of bipolar disorder among sexes or races

true

18

what are the risk factors for bipolar disorder

Childhood experiences
Residence
Antidepressants
Bright lights
SES - higher classes = higher rate
Family history
ECT
Childhood experiences
ended marriage
Seasonal changes

19

what medications can cause mania

Amphetamines
Alcohol
Thyroid supplementation
Alcohol
Xanthines (theophylline, aminophylline, caffeine)