Body Structure Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Body Structure Part 1 Deck (49)
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1

What are cells

Basic unit of life

2

What are cell types

Become different an embryo: do specialized functions

3

What is tissue

Group of cells with the same function

4

What are the four major types of tissue

Epithelia
Connective
Nervous
Muscle

5

What is epithelial tissue

Sheets of tightly packed cells that cover the body or line internal organs

6

Example of epithelial tissue

Skin, lining of organs multiple types in organs

7

What is connective tissue

Support and connect tissues and organs

8

Example of connective tissue

Cushion, insulate, and connects organs

Bones cartilage fat blood loose connective tissue

9

What is nervous tissue

Transmits signals in the body in response to changes in the environment

10

What is a neuron

The basic unit of a nervous tissue

11

What is the muscle tissue

Aid in the movement of an organism as well as the transport of blood and food

12

Which type of tissue can be voluntary or involuntary

Muscle

13

What is a voluntary muscle

Are able to be controlled by your own well, these include the skeletal muscles

14

What are involuntary muscles

Work without in conscious control of the organism these tissues include the cardiac tissue of the heart as well as the smooth muscle tissue in many other organisms

15

What is an organ

Several tissues that do a job together

16

What is an example of an organ

Eye, stomach, heart

17

What is an organ system

A unit of multiple organs that together perform a vital body function

18

What are the organ systems

Respiratory
Digestive
Urinary
Lymphatic
Circulatory
Integument
Skeletal
Muscular

19

What is the function of the integument organ system

Covers and protects body
Regulate temperature
Excrete waste

20

Function of the digestive system

Receives food, converts there molecules into forms that can pass through cell membranes, and eliminates materials that are not consumed

21

What does the digestive system include

Mouth, tongue teeth salivary gland's esophagus stomach liver gallbladder pancreas small and large intestines

22

What is the function of the circulatory system

Transports oxygen and nutrients hormones and waste

23

What is the function of the nervous system

Send receives and interprets signals

24

What are the main organs of the nervous system

Brain
spinal cord
nerves and
sensory organs

25

What are the main organs in the circulatory system

Heart
blood vessels

26

What is homeostasis

Conditions of maintaining a stable internal environment in an organism

27

How is homeostasis maintained

Negative feedback

28

What is negative feedback

Body's response to stimulus that opposes the original ____

29

What is irritability

Ability of a cell to respond to its environment

30

In multicellular organisms the ______ and _____ Control the regulation and coordination of responses

Nervous and endocrine systems