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Flashcards in Organelles Quiz Deck (76):
0

Is the cell membrane a plant or animal cell

Both

1

Is the cell wall a plant or animal cell

Plant cell

2

Is the nucleus a plant or an animal cell

Both

3

Is the nucleolus a plant or an animal cell

Both

4

Is the mitochondria a plant or animal cell

Both

5

Is the chloroplast in a plant or animal cell

Plant

6

Is the cytoplasm a plant or animal cell

Animal cell

7

Is the cytoskeleton a plant or animal cell

Both

8

Is the smooth ER a plant or animal cell

Both

9

Is the rough ER a plant or animal cell

Both

10

Is the ribosome a plant or animal cell

Both

11

The golgi apparatus a plant or animal cell

Both

12

Is the vacuole a plant or animal cell

Both

13

Is the central vacuole a plant or animal cell

Both

14

Is the lysozyme a plant or animal cell

Both

15

Is the Peroxisome a plant or animal cell

Animal cell

16

Is the centriole a plant or animal cell

Both

17

Is the transport vesicle a plant or animal cell

Both

18

Is the Cilia a plant or animal cell

Animal cell

19

Is the flagella an animal or plant cell

Animal cell

20

What is the function of the cell membrane

The cell membrane is selectively permeable to ions and organic molecules and controls the movement of substances in and out of the cells. The basic function of the cell membrane is to protect the cell from its surroundings.

21

Where is the cell membrane located

Borders the cell

22

What organelle consists of a phospholipid bilayer

Cell membrane

23

What is the business analogy of the cell membrane

Security

24

What is the function of the cell wall

1. Provides support and Limited plasticity
2. Protection from insects and pathogens
3. Filter
4. Prevents overexpansion caused by too much water.
5. Keeps the shape of the plant
6. Allows plants to grow to great heights

25

Where is the cell wall located

Outside of the cell

26

What is the business analogy of a cell wall

Security- barbed wire

27

What is the function of the nucleus

To maintain the integrity of the genes and to control the activities of the cell by regulating gene expression the nucleus is therefore the control center of the cell and contains genetic material

28

Where is the nucleus located

Generally in the center of the cell in the middle of all the cytoplasm

29

What is the business analogy of a nucleus

CEO

30

What is the function of the nucleolus

Builds ribozymes by rewriting RNA and combining it with proteins

31

Where is the nucleosis located

In the nucleus- takes up around 25% of the volume of the nucleus

32

What is the business analogy of the nucleolus

Production/shipping

33

What is the function of the mitochondria

Powerhouse of the cell – play a critical role in the generation of metabolic Energy in eukaryotic cells.

34

Where is the mitochondria located

Anywhere in the cytoplasm

35

What is the business analogy of the mitochondria

Generator

36

What is the function of the chloroplast

Organelles found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae that conduct photosynthesis. Space fillers

37

Where is the chloroplast located

Next to the central vacuole or any empty spaces

38

What is the business analogy of the chloroplast

Manufacturing plant

39

What is the function of the cytoskeleton

Provides an important structural framework for cell shape. It determines the shape of the cell

40

Where is the cytoskeleton located

Nucleus and mitochondria

41

What is this function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Make Cellular Products like hormones and lipids and distributes those products right the cell and two other places in the organism

42

Where is the smooth ER located

Distributed throughout the cytoplasm

43

What is the business analogy of the smooth ER

Manufacturing plant

44

What is the function of the rough ER

The site where lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled along with proteins and other materials that are exported from the cell

45

Where is the rough ER located

Cytoplasm

46

What is the business analogy of the rough ER

Manufacturing plant

47

What is the function of the ribosomes

Cell structure that make protein

48

What is the function of the Golgi apparatus

Modifying sorting and packaging of proteins
Transport of lipids around the cell and the creation of lysosomes

49

The sacks or folds of ________ are called cisternae

Golgie apparatus

50

Function of the vacuole

Food and waste storage

51

Where is the ribosomes located

Cytoplasm

52

What is the Business analogy of the ribozymes

Small machines

53

Where is the goal G apparatus located

Edge of the cell wall

54

What is the business analogy of the gold G apparatus

Shipping and packaging

55

Where is the vacuole located

Cytoplasm

56

What is the business analogy of the vacuole

Trashcan

57

What is the function of the central vacuole

Makes it possible for plants to support happy structures
Hold materials and wastes

58

Where is the central back to a located

Center of the cell

59

What is the business analogy of the central vacuole

Storage

60

Function of the lysosome

Breakdown waste and Digest waste product

61

Where is the lysozyme located

Cytoplasm

62

What is the business analogy of the lysosome

Custodian/janitor

63

What is the function of the Peroxisome

Removes toxic or dangerous material

64

Where is the Peroxisome located

Cytoplasm

65

What is the business analogy of the peroxisome

Hazmat

66

What is the function of the centriole

Found as single structures and Celia and flagella to organize the perry centriole or material to produce microtubules including my ptotic's bindle fibers

67

Where is the centriole located

Next to the nucleus

68

What is the function of the centrosome

Associated with cell splitting

69

Where is the centrosome located

Cytoplasm

70

What is the business analogy of the centrosome

Business expansion

71

What is the function of the transport vesicle

Moves molecules in and out of the cell (proteins)

72

What is the business analogy of the transport vesicle

Transport truck

73

What is the function of the cilia

Tiny hairs on the outside of the cell attached to the membrane allowing cells to move

74

What is the function of the flagella

Tail like projection that's function is locomotion

75

Cell theory

All living things are made of cells
Cells are the basic unit structure and function of living things
All cells come from other existing cells