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Flashcards in Macromolecules Deck (46)
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4 building blocks of life

Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic acids

1

What are carbohydrates composed off

Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen

2

Example of a monosaccharide carbohydrate

Glucose
Fructose

3

Example of a disaccharide carbohydrate

Sucrose
Table sugar

4

Example of a polysaccharide carbohydrate

Starch
Glycogen
Cellulose

5

What are monosaccharides and example

The simplest of sugars- glucose
Builds to make a macromolecule

6

Sugars that are immediately absorbed through the bloodstream and taken to your cells to be used as energy at the cellular level

Monosaccharides
Disaccharides

7

What is a polysaccharide

3 or more monosaccharides (glucose) bonded together

8

Polysaccharides do what with cellular energy?

Provide and store because there are MANY

9

What is the purpose of starch?

Stores chemical energy

10

What is the main/ immediate/ short term source of energy for living things?

A monosaccharide or a disaccharide carbohydrate

11

Nonpolar molecules

Lipids

12

Lipids are composed of

Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen

13

What does Nonpolar mean?

Not soluble in water because water is polar

14

What are examples of lipids?

Fats waxes and oils

15

What are the 2 major groups of lipids?

Saturated and unsaturated

16

What are saturated fats?

A carbon atom bonded with 2 hydrogen atoms.

17

Examples of saturated fats

Butter
Animal fat
Cooking shortening

18

What are unsaturated fats?

Not completely saturated with hydrogen atoms

19

Examples of unsaturated fats

Oil

20

Function of lipids

Long term storage of energy

21

What provides cushion and support of internal organs?

Lipids

22

Proteins contain

Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
And nitrogen

23

what are enzymes

Promote chemical reactions

24

Function of protein

Used for structure and support-bone and muscle tissue

25

Examples of proteins

Meats and fish

26

What are the building blocks of proteins

Amino acids

27

Examples of proteins

Meat and fish

28

Nucleic acid are composed of

Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Phosphorus

29

What are the building blocks of nucleic acids

Nucleotides