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Flashcards in bone neoplasm Deck (28):
1

most common types of cancer that met to bone

breast, lung, thyroid, kidney, prostate (BLT with a Kosher Pickle)

2

most commin sites of mets to bone

proximal femoral head/neck, and veterbral bodies

3

most common tumor of bone

osteochondroma

4

mushroom/brochollu shaped tumor around the knee in a young man

osteochondroma

5

medularry cavity of tumor contigious with medullary cavity of the bone

osteochondroma

6

blue cartilage cap

osteochondroma

7

benign, painless cartilaginous tumor in middle aged pts

endochondroma

8

radiographic stippling

endochrondroma

9

tumor resembling cartilagle

endochrondroma

10

signs that an endochromdroma is turning malignant

new onset of pain
cortical erosion or soft involvement
increased cellularity, evidence of invasive growth, necrosis

11

benign but locally aggressive bone neoplasm

giant cell tumor

12

long bone tumor in ages 25-40

giant cell

13

arises in the epiphysis w/extension into the metaphysis

giant cell

14

way to distinguish giant cell tumor from malignancy

stromal cells should be cytologically bland

15

most common primary bone malignancy

osteosarcoma

16

bone cancer found in young, or old, but not middle aged

osteosarcoma

17

risk factors in older pts for developing osetosarcoma

prior radiation, paget's disease

18

large, clincially agggressive, painful tumor of long bones

osetosarcoma

19

periosteal elevation

codman's triangle

20

most common type of osteosarcoma

osteoblastic

21

pink lace-like directly associated with malignant osteoblasts

osteoblastic

22

predominant spindle cells

fibroblastic

23

histological difference between chondrosarcoma and endochondromas

chondrosarcoma shows bony trabecular invasion and extraosseous soft tissue extension

24

blue to gray-white classy tumor (malignant)

chondrosarcoma

25

bone tumor in kids

ewing sarcoma

26

faxtor expressed on ewing's sarcoma

CD99

27

fried egg appearing bone cancer

ewing's

28

translocation in ewings

EWS 11;22