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Flashcards in skin mycotic infections Deck (35):
1

discrete hyper-pigmented or hypopimented macular lesions on trunk, or arms

tinea veriscolor

2

KOH treated skin scrapings show "spagetti and meatballs" fungus

tinea versicolor

3

generally asymptomatic, but consisting of brownish macular skin lesions on palms and soles

tinea nigra

4

endemic areas for tinea nigra

florida, tropics

5

diagnosis confirmed on sabourand's medium

tinea nigra

6

superfical fungal infection of the hair, consisting of black, hard nodules on the hair shaft

black piedra

7

softwhite pasty growths on hair shafts

white piedra

8

hair infection caused by yeast-like orginism

white piedra

9

treatment of tinea versicolor/tinea nigra

miconizole nitrate

10

MOA of miconizole nitrate

inhibits ergosterol

11

treatment of black/white piedra

shave the hair

12

area of skin lesion to scrape

edges (has more fungal agent)

13

chemical used in fungal microscopic identidification

KOH

14

medium used for fungal microscopic identidification

sabourand's dextrose agar

15

criteria used to identify funusd

size, color, texture of colonies as well as fungal element ans spore morphology

16

ergosterol sythesis inhibitors

mconazole, clortrimazole, and econazole

17

oral drug for tiniea

griseofulvin

18

MOA of griseofulvin

inhibits fungal microtubular system and mitotic spindle formation

19

nodular and ulcerative lesions starting at site of trauma and spreadin alon lymphatics

lymphocutaneous sporortrichosis

20

initially white colonies chanin to dark pimentations

lymphocutaneous sporortrichosis

21

treatment for lymphocutaneous sporortrichosis

KOH orally, amphotericin for systemic

22

slow devloping warty cutanous califlower lookin lesions

chromoblastomycosis

23

exibits pseduoepitheliomatous hyperplasia

chromoblastomycosis

24

diagnosed by sclerotic/medlar bodies

chromoblastomycosis

25

treatment for chromoblastomycosis

cautery/debridement. Fluorocytosine in advanced cases

26

solitary cysts in subQ tissues, esp in extremities

phaeohypomycosis

27

dark, pigmented hyphae

phaeohypomycosis

28

can lead to brain abcesses

phaeohypomycosis

29

treatment for phaeohypomycosis brain abcesses

amphotericin

30

common in tropical plant debris

zygomycosis

31

firm movable masses localized to subQ of face or limbs

zygomycosis

32

ranulomatous lesions rich in eosinophils

zygomycosis

33

treatment for zygomycosis

topical nystatin and oral KOH

34

chronic deformin, swollen lesions on feet, lower extremties and hands

eumycotic mycoses

35

treatment for eumycotic mycoses

nystatin and KOH. Possible surgery