Book 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book 16 Deck (41):
1

Name of the Book

The death of Patroclus

2

Patroclus approaches Achilles

weeping
Achilles compares him to a child weeping to be picked up by its mother

3

Patroclus's insults to achilles

"God preserve me from the bitterness you harbour"
"you and your disastrous greatness"
"what will future generations have to thank you for"
"the grey sea and the sheer cliffs produced you and your unfeeling heart"

4

What Patroclus asks of Achilles

to lead the myrmidons into battle himself

5

Homer's opinion of Patroclus

"great fool"
"he was simply invoking his own destiny and a dreadful death"

6

Achilles gives in

"let it go" he was wrong in believing he could be eternally angry
tells Patroclus to arm in his armour

7

Achilles's instructions

"win me great glory" so that he gets the gifts
to return immediately after driving the Trojans from the ships
-Don't lead the Myrmidons onto Ilium
precisely mentions the dangers from the gods, Apollo named

8

Ajax

is overwhelmed, Hector breaks his spear
he retreats

9

The ships

the first ship goes up in flames after Ajax's retreat

10

Patroclus prepares for battle

gets a full arming scene
wears Achilles armour but unable to take his spear

11

Achilles's immortal horses

Xanthus and Balius +Pedasus

12

The Leaders of the Myrmidons

their backstory given, they are introduced

13

Myrmidons compared to

-flesh eating wolves, hearts filled with boundless courage
-a wall, standing shield to shield, helmet to helmet, man to man
-swarming wasps

14

Achilles's prayer

prays to Zeus,
Zeus does not grant Achilles wish for Patroclus to return safely

15

Patroclus's speech to his men

tells them to win glory for Achilles

16

PAtroclus's courage shown

first to throw his spear
attacks where there are the most chariots

17

The TRojan DEaths

9 Trojan Deaths
all deaths are chaotic, deaths occurring everywhere, Homer pauses only to describe "black death"

18

HEctor

primarily stands his ground but then flees in his chariot leaving his escaping men caught in the ditch

19

Patroclus's first mistake

begins to chase after Hector

20

Patroclus's first kills

kills Thestor compared to a fisherman fishing a fish
kills twelve Trojans

21

Death of Sarpedon

Sarpedon is destined to die by Patroclus
Zeus considers saving him but Hera objects
Patroclus kills Sarpedon compared to a woodsman felling trees
Sarpedon tells Glaucus to protect his corps

22

Glaucus

prays to Zeus to heal him of an arrow wound (happens)
gathers men to protect Sarpedon

23

Sarpedon's body

men swarmed round is body as flies

24

Zeus and Sarpedon's body

tells Apollo to take Sarpedon's body away and anoint it with ambrosia
Set him down in Lycia where he can be buried

25

Why Sarpedon does not follow Achills's orders

the will of Zeus prevails over men

26

How we know PAaroclus could never have taken Ilium and ho well h was fighting that day

Ilium would then have fallen to Patroclus had Apollo not defended it
three times a hurled Patroclus of Ilium's walls. The fourth time he gave a great shout how it is not Patroclus's destiny to take Ilium.

27

Apollo's advice to Hector

disguised he tells him to fight Patroclus

28

Patroclus becomes arrogant

kills HEctor's charioteer Cebriones with a stone
gives an arrogant speech laughing at his acrobatic death

29

Patroclus is compared to

a lion whose courage is the death of him

30

The fight over Cebriones

A big fight over his body
Patroclus charges in 3 times killing 9 men each time

31

PHoebus Apollo and Patroclus

strikes him on the back with the flat of his hand
His helmet falls off
his eyes spin
his spear shatters
the shield falls
Apollo undoes his armour

32

Euphorbus and PAtroclus

PAtroclus is blind and paralysed
Euphorbus stabs him in the back between the shoulders
Euphorbus the best spear man, runner, horsemen of his years
does not kill Patroclus, gets his spear and leaves

33

Hecotr and Patroclus

He spots retreating Patroclus
stabs him in the lower belly

34

Hectors speech to Patroclus

gives an arrogant speech, guesses Achilles's instructions all wrong (war is all about misunderstandings)
PAtroclus in turn predicts HEctors death

35

End of the chapter

Patroclus's charioteer Automedon leaving with the horses that abandoned Patroclus
the horses a gift from the gods to Peleus

36

The Effect of Patroclus mentioning the heroes getting healed

only Achilles cannot be helaed

37

The gods humanity shown

Zeus loves Patroclus, sends down a shower of blood for him

38

What had Achilles actual hopes been

for him and Patroclus to be the only ones to survive the ordeal and they can take Troy together

39

Homer mentions that Achilles advice had been sound

if he had kept to his orders"he would have saved himself from the evil destiny which is dark death"

40

Patroclus wants to kill HEctor

"HEctor he yearned to kill"

41

Patroclus's aristea

"bringing them down in quick succession"