Book 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book 4 Deck (20):
1

Name of the Book

The Oath is Broken and Battle Joined

2

The book begins with

the gods arguing, Zeus purposefully tries to annoy Hera by asking whether peace should be made

3

The Gods feelings for men

Zeus loves Ilium but is willing to let it go
Hera says Zeus can sack any of her three favorite cities,
makes peace with him and asks for the Trojans to brake the oath

4

How the Gods break the oath

Athene disguised as Laodocus the spear man approaches Pandarus and convinces him that shooting at Menelaus would bring him GLORY
-Homer calls him a fall

5

Pandarus's bow

great description of the goat horn bow and how the goat was killed

6

The arrow and Menelaus

Athene makes sure it only hurts Menelaus and soes not kill him
the wound compared to a purple cheek piece, a rulers ADORNMENT for his horse

7

Agamemnon's reaction to Menelaus's wound

shows he cares for him
sends him to Machaon to be healed

8

Agamemnon prepares the men for battle

inspects them BY FOOT
encouraging or criticizing
talks with the heroes and praises them

9

Agamemnon criticizes Odysseus

when Odysseus gets angry in return Agamemnon apologises and promises to make up for any insults later

10

Agamemnon criticises Diomedes

says he does not fight as his father Tydeus did, gives a description of his fathers skill
Diomedes accepts the insult from the "leader he respected"

11

The Greek army

advances silently

12

The Trojan Army

like sheep in a rich mans field bleating incessantly (the army is from different places and thus speak different languages) decadent and disorganised

13

death of Simoisus

a description of his birth
his life was to short to repay his parents for their loving care

14

every death

is linked, each death is the cause for another

15

End of the chapter

ends with "Trojans and Geeks that day lay in their multitudes, stretched out alongside each other, face down in the dust".

16

meaning of Pandarus's act

it is one of treachury, parallels Paris's
Trojan moral questioned
-toys of the gods

17

meaning of who made Pandarus act

Athene GOD OF WISDOM
allegorical workings of the mind

18

The gods are portraid

in bad light
childish
only wishing to further their own desires
they cause the oath breaking in the first place

19

Agamemnon's portrail

portrayed as a good leader
diomedes- how Achilles should have acted
Odysseus- how Agamemnon should have acted

20

The chaos of battle described

""a great roar went up-the screams of the dying, the jeers of the victors- and the earth ran with blood"