Book 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book 18 Deck (21):
1

Name of the Book

Achilles's Decision

2

Achilles's premonitions

senses Patroclus's death
Antilochus confirms them

3

Achilles's grief

black cloud of grief engulfed Achilles
pours dust over his head, begriming his features
"A giant of a man" lays spread out in the dust
The slaves he and Patroclus captured shrieked aloud

4

THetis's lament

after hearing Achilles cry of grief
every Nereid in the sea began to lament

5

Thetis and Achilles meating

Achilles tells Thetis that he no longer wishes to live except to kill HEctor

6

Achilles calls anger

"anger...sweeter than dripping honey through his whole being like smoke"

7

Achilles's decision

his anger "let it go. We must master our pride"
Decides to seek out Hector and to welcome death

8

Hector

chases after the fleeing Greeks carrying Patroclus's body, Three times he grabs his feet three times the Ajax's throw him off

9

Hera's message to achilles

send Iris to tell him to go to the ditch to unnerve the Trojans

10

Achilles at the ditch

Athene had thrown her golden aegis around him and crowned him with a golden cloud
Achilles gives three shouts as well as Athene
Trojans thrown into unutterable chaos, 12 die there and there.

11

Achilles compared to

his cloud compared to a beacon sent to neighbours, to come and rescue a besieged town on an island in ships

12

Polydamas's advice to HEctor

Polydamas champion in debate suggests to retreat into Ilium
Homer mentions this is sound advice

13

Hector's answer to Hector

Hector refuses to retreat and suggests staying where they are, all the Greeks applaud
Homer mentions they are fools, Athene had destroyed their judgement Hector's bad advice

14

Achilles compared to

a lion whose cubs have been killed by a hunter, it now tracks the hunter

15

Achilles will not bury Patroclus till

he brings back Hector's head and armour

16

THetis visits Hephaestus

he is making twenty magic tripods
Charyis his wife greets her
Great length and description in the shield Hephaestus makes

17

The new Achilles

he loved Achilles more than his own life
he now recognises his error and folly
he no longer feels achievement or pleasure

18

What is praised in the shield

the realism of the pictures

19

the final picture in the shield

a celebration of dancing and song
A bard and his lyre wile men and women dance
celebration of the divine power of art, the artist as god

20

Achilles blames himself

"Let me die immediately, since I let my companion be killed"

21

the shield has

the constellations
marriage
court case
siege and ambush
ploughing
reaping
Grape harvest
Cattle- herding
sheep-flocks
Dancing
Ocean