Book 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book 3 Deck (33):
1

Name

A Dual, and a Trojan view of the Greeks

2

Point of the book

to introduce Troy as well as it's principal characters
To introduce the Greek heroes in a positive light from the point of view of the Trojans

3

Who are mainly brought to center light

Paris, Helen, Menelaus and Aphrodite- the causes of the war

4

Hector is presented in contrast to Paris

dutiful
pleasure loving

5

The Trojan army advances with

shrieks and cries like cranes "wicked assault"`

6

The Greek army advances with

"moved forward in silence, breathing courage, filled with determination to stand by one another"

7

Our first introduction to Paris

steps out from the Trojan ranks, with leopard skin and a bow, challenges all the best of the Greeks

8

Our introduction to Menelaus

delighted to see Paris
compared to a prowling lion Paris a carcass

9

Paris, when he sees Menelaus

his heart fails him and he retreats

10

Hector's response to Paris's withdrawal from Menelaus

he immediately insults him
criticizes his looks "sex crazed seducer"
wishes he hadn't been born and calls him a disgrace without courage

11

Paris's response to Hector's insults

accepts it
but not the one about his looks
-shows what he cares about but also the importance of Aphrodite (as he claims they are her gifts)

12

Paris's actions after Hector insults him

proposes to fight Menelaus
and if defeated to return Helen

13

The reaction to Paris's suggestion

Greeks and Trojans are delighted because it means no
"painful business of fighting"

14

Iris summons Helen

fills her breast with /"sweet longing" for Menelaus
sweet is pure

15

The old men (respected elders) opinion of Helen

No one could blame the Trojans or Greeks for fighting over her as she is like the "immortal goddesses"
However they want her gone "scourge to us and our children after us"

16

Priam's opinion of Helen

he does not hold her responsible
holds the gods responsible
calls her "Dear child"

17

Helen's opinions on her situation

she wishes she had died before coming with Paris
she is miserable
it was not her decision "things did not fall out like that"

18

Priam's opinion of Agamemnon

he notices how great he is
recognizes him as a leader, calling him hansom and imposing

19

How the dual between Paris and Menelaus is serious

oaths are made by Agamemnon to Zeus
Priam has been summoned to witness

20

Paris's preparation for the battle

he gets a short arming scene
Menelaus doesn't

21

The battle

Menelaus's throws his spear, pierces Paris's shield and tunic, but he swerves
He then uses his sword, which breaks on Paris's helmet
Menelaus grabs the Helmet

22

Divine intervention in the battle

Aphrodite whisks Paris away to his perfumed fragrant bedroom

23

Aphrodite summons Helen who retorts

"Come here" she is in disguise which Helen can see through
Helen tells Aphrodite to forget she is a goddess and to lay with Paris and one day become his wife or concubine

24

Aphrodite's response to Helen's insult

"obstinate wreth"
threatens her
Helen obeys

25

Helen's treatment of Paris

She insults him
wishes he had died
reminds him he used to BOAST about being the better warrior

26

Paris's response to Helen's insults

Asks her not to insult his courage reminding Helen that Menelaus had Athene's help to beat him

27

Juxtaposition

between Paris and Helen laying down and Menelaus prowling through the ranks

28

The Trojan opinion of Paris

they loath him like "the black death" Homer explains

29

end of chapter

on the Greeks applauding Agamemnon asking for Helen to be returned

30

whisking Paris away was

"an easy feat for an immortal"

31

Priam calls Agamemnon

"awe inspiring"
"handsome and imposing"
blessed by the gods

32

where is Helen found

in a high tower separated from the men and the battle
surrounded by women

33

Our first view of Helen

weaving a purple cloth
"white armed" Hera's epithet
covers her head in a veil of white linen- respectable