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Flashcards in Burt Chapter 3 Deck (37):
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Apostle

From the Greek meaning "one sent forth", refers to the twelve men that Jesus chose to help him spread his word

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Apostolic Succession

The line of bishops and Popes tracing back to Peter and the apostles

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Bishop

Consecrated successor of the apostles, usually given the spiritual responsibility of a territory or diocese

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Council/Ecumenical Council

From the Greek oikoumene, meaning the whole world. A formal meeting of all the world's bishops to govern the Church and her teachings

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Council of Jerusalem

When the Apostles spoke with the authority of the Holy Spirit to discuss whether or not the gentile converts had to be circumcised or follow the Law of Moses

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Infallibility

The immunity from error and possibility of error
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The gift of the Holy Spirit that when the Pope speaks ex cathedra what he says is just and free from error

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Magisterium

The teaching authority of the Church, guided by the Holy Spirit

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Sensus Fidelum

Means sense of the faithful, refers to the immunity from error when the faithful come together to make a decision

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Apostolic Fathers

The fathers of the church who were direct disciples of the Apostles

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Catechism of the Catholic Church

A summary of Catholic teachings

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Deposit of Faith

All of the faith contained in sacred scripture and in sacred tradition

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Fathers of the Church

The Christian writers from the first to the eighth century who taught in harmony with the church

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Inerrancy

To be free from error

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Infallibility

To be free from error in teachings

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Inspiration

The gift of the Holy Spirit given to the writers of sacred scripture

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Orthodox

Correctness and soundness in theological faith and beliefs

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Tradition

From the Latin traditio, meaning handing on.

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Sacred tradition

The deposit of faith that was entrusted to Peter and the Apostles and their successors

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Allegorical Sense

The spiritual sense of interpreting literature that refers to people and objects as symbols for future events

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Allegory

A prolonged metaphor

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Analogy

A way of understanding by making connections

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Fable

A story with plants or animals as characters that has a moral value

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Hyperbole

Literary device that uses exaggeration to make a point

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Improper literal sense

Words are understood figuratively

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Literalistic

Reading without regard to the forms and tools of literature

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Literal sense

Understanding of words based on their literary and historical context

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Literary analysis

Taking into account all of the literary forms and tools to grasp the full meaning of literature

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Literary forms

Refers to the various styles of writing to communicate a message

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Metaphor

A literary tool used to another by comparison

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Metaphorical sense

Understanding the symbols and figurative meanings of literature

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Moral sense

Also called the topological sense, portrays the heroes of scripture as a pattern for Christians of every age

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Parable

A story told to illustrate a moral or spiritual truth

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Proper literal sense

Words are understood by their ordinary meaning

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Simile

Comparison made by using like or as

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Spiritual sense

Interpretation of scripture grasping the full meaning if the symbols in the stories. The three kinds of spiritual sense are allegorical sense, moral sense, and anagogical sense

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Eschatology

The study of the end of time

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Veracity

Reliability in communicating the truth