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Flashcards in Lydon Chapter 5 Deck (33):
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God's bringing things into being out of nothing. Creation is good, but it has been corrupted by sin.

Creation

1

A representation such as a statue or picture. Human beings are created in the image of God, which means they are capable of knowing and loving their creator in freedom. All human beings have the dignity of people, capable of self-knowledge and entering freely into communion with God and other persons.

Image

2

Adam and Eve's second son. Because his sacrifice was acceptable to God, he was murdered by his envious brother Cain.

Abel

3

The 1st man our first father. He, together with Eve, committed the first sin (Original Sin). This Hebrew name can refer to Adam or mankind in general.

Adam

4

Adam and Eve's first son, and murderer of Abel. The Lord put a mark on Cain so that no one would kill him.

Cain

5

The name of the garden in which God placed Adam and Eve.

Eden

6

The first woman and our first mother. Eve was created from the rib of Adam, and thus woman - unlike the animals - is man's equal and complement.

Eve

7

From the Greek proto meaning "first" and evaggelos meaning "bringing good news." The first message of good news - the first gospel - is Genesis 3:15 in which the coming of the Messiah and Redeemer is promised.

Protoevangelium

8

A descendent of Shem and the founder of the Hebrew nation. He was the first to receive a personal call from God (at seventy years old), and he responded in faith.

Abraham

9

From the Greek angelos, a translation of the Hebrew malak, meaning "messenger." A spiritual, personal, and immortal creature, possessing intelligence and free will, who glorifies God without ceasing and serves God as protector of and messenger to man.

Angel

11

An ornate box that held the tablets of the Law (Ten Commandments), the rod of Aaron, and some manna; it represents God's throne on earth.

Ark of the covenant

12

The great deluge that destroyed the world by water, from which only Noah, his family, and the animals escaped. The flood is a type of the Sacrament of Baptism through which sin is destroyed.

Flood

13

The man God chose to lead the Isralites out of slavery in Egypt.

Moses

15

The vessel built by Noah to save his family and the animals from the flood.

Ark

16

Greek for "second law." It is the name of one of the books of the Bible that is the second promulgation of the Law. It also restates many of the important laws given in Exodus, including the Ten Commandments.

Deuteronomy

17

The land God promised to Abraham's descendants. It covered about the same territory as modern-day Israel. It's inhabitants were idol-worshipers who even sacrificed their own children in cult rituals .

Canaan

18


The visible sign of God's Promise to Abraham.

Circumcision

19

An idol made by Aaron when the Israelites demanded it. The people worshiped it as the god that had brought them out of Egypt.

Golden calf

20

The worship or adoration due God alone paid to any created object. It is forbidden by the First Commandment. Idolatry is distinct from veneration given to saints and holy objects implicitly allowed by the Incarnation as defined at the Seventh Ecumenical Council.

Idolatry

21

Son of Abraham and Sarah. He was born when they were very old. Although Isaac was not Abraham's firstborn of Sarah, Abraham's wife, making Isaac the heir to God's promises.

Isaac

22

The people chosen by god to be his own and to inherit the promises of Abraham. This people is named after Israel (Jacob), from whose twelve sons the tribes of Israel descend. Later after the death of Solomon and the division of the kingdom, Israel referred to the northern ten tribes, while the southern kingdom was known as Judah.

Israel

23

Decalogue; the fundamental laws given by god at Sinai that govern divine and human relationships.

Ten Commandments

24

A Canaanite city conquered by David that became the capital and religious center of Israel (and later Judah).

Jerusalem

25

In the Old Testament, priest were from the tribe of Levi; in the New Testament, an abbreviation of the Greek presbyteros, "elder." A member of the order of presbyters, this baptized and confirmed male is ordained to be a co-worker with his bishop , to assist his bishop, to preside at public liturgies, and otherwise to assist his bishops in priestly service to the people of God.

Priest

26

The last of the Judges, and the man chosen by God to anoint Saul and David kings for Israel

Samuel

27

The first king of Israel, anointed by Samuel. He was later replaced by David.

Saul

28

An ancient empire ruled by bloodthirsty and wicked men; it terrorized the whole Middle East and constantly threatened Israel and Judah during the monarchic period

Assyria

29

1 of the tribes of Israel. This name was used for the southern kingdom when Israel was divided after Solomon.

Judah

30

The Persian King who conquered Babylon and allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem.

Cyrus the great

31

Judas Maccabeus and his brothers, leaders of the Jewish revolt against Antiochus IV.

Maccabees

32

Prime ministerA serve t of the King who oversees all the affairs of the kingdom; the king's most trusted adviser

Prime minister

33

The mother of the reigning king. Under Solomon and his successors, the queen mother was a very influential figure in the kingdom.

Queen Mother

34

The hill on which the oldest part of Jerusalem was built. A poetic name for the city of Jerusalem.

Zion