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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (54):
1

Atheism

The denial of the existence of God.

2

What is agnosticism?

Agnosticism is the belief that god can't be known or proven. Agnostics believe that you can't believe in something you haven't seen or have no proof of so they think faith is irrational.

3

Polytheism

A believe in the existence of more than one God.

4

Mysteries

Supernatural truths about God that we learn by faith but are beyond our grasp of reason. We accept them as truth even though we cannot fully understand them.

5

What is Reason?

The intellectual power or faculty that is ordinarily employed by man in adapting thought or action to some end; the guiding principle of the human mind in the process of thinking

6

What is Rationalism?

Strict rationalism consists in judging everything solely and exclusively according to philosophical or scientific reason. Thus, there is no room for faith; any faith is deemed superstition.

7

Scholasticism

The system of philosophical and theological inquiry developed in the medieval schools of Christian Europe , which intended to reconcile classical philosophy with Christian theology.

8

What is the Principle of Causality?

The process of knowing God's existence through the realization that all creation must originate from a First Cause. Also, in a more general way, the philosophical truth that all things must have a sufficient cause.

9

Atheistic humanism

A type of atheism that falsely considers man as the end of himself, the sole maker and creator of his own history

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Intelligent Design

The belief that the work and plan of God is observable in nature, thus confirming his existence and his continued role in creation

11

Practical Materialism

A type of atheism that seeks fulfillment in material goods alone

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Revelation

Gods communication of himself by which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan

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Practical materialism

a type of atheism that seeks fulfillment in material goods alone

14

What is a Religious Being?

A being created by God in order to live in communion with God. Every human person, by nature and vocation, is a religious being and will not live a true human life if he or she does not chose to freely live in this bond with God. Because every human person has been created to live in communion with God, his or her ultimate happiness can only be found in God.

15

Dogma

A revealed truth solemnly defined by the Magisterium of the Church

16

Science

The practice of systematically observing the behavior of nature so that we may come to better understand the laws and structures that govern it. In this sense, science is a restriction of reason, not reason itself, because it seeks to limit the conclusions drawn through reason through to those truths that are able to be demonstrated through the control and manipulation of natural phenomena.

17

Deism

A form of rationalism that admits a natural, rational religion, and therefore a belief in God, based on philosophical theology.

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Faith

theological virtue by which one believes in all that God has said and revealed to man and that the Church proposes for belief

19

Fideism

“A philosophy that accepts religious beliefs without grasping their intellectual content, without seeing the reasons that make them believable, without seeing their connection with other realities, and without acknowledging the right to intellectual life to which faith is entitled, but without the need for faith”

20

Principle of causality

The process of knowing gods existence through the realization that all creation must originate from a first cause. Also, in a more general way,the philosophical truth that all things must have a sufficient cause.

21

What is Scientism?

The belief that the only things that exist are the things science can prove through its very particular, restricted methods. Scientism limits the application of human reason to that which can be observed and measured

22

What is Philosophy?

Derived from Greek meaning literally "love of knowledge," philosophy is the pursuit of truth and understanding through the application of human reason.

23

what is Polytheism?

A belief in the existence of more than one God.

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"Five Ways"

St. Thomas Aquinas's proposals that explained God through reason: the argument from motion, the argument from causes, the argument from possibility and necessity, the argument from degrees of perfection, the argument from governance

25

Intelligent Design

the belief that the work and plan of god is observable in nature, thus confirming his existence and continued role in creation

26

If God's existence could be proven by science, what do you think would happen to the religions around the world, as well as the atheist?

One possibility is that the number of Christians would sky rocket. The other religions would go down, some more than others, and many atheists would convert to Christianity.

27

What is "Five Ways"?

St. Thomas Aquinas' five proposals for how the existence of God can be known through reason. These include the argument from motion, the argument from causes, the argument from possibility and necessity, the argument from degrees and perfection, and the argument from governance.

28

Grace

God's divine life present in our souls. Grace allows us to overcome sin and error and strive towards perfect knowledge of God. There are two kinds of grace: actual and sanctifying.

29

Who or what do you think created energy? if the law of energy states that energy can't be created nor destroyed, just converted.

I think that god must have created energy because no scientist in the world can come up with proof that anything else created energy. They always respond with "nobody knows"

30

Intelligent Design

The belief that the work and plan of God is observable in nature, thus confirming his existence and continued role in creation.

31

Mysteries

Supernatural truths about God that we learn by faith but are beyond our grasp of reason. We accept them as truth even though we cannot fully understand them.

32

Natural Religion

As opposed to religion informed by Divine Revelation, natural religion is based upon reason and ordinary experience rather than upon Divine Revelation. It is the product of the ethical and divine understanding available to human reason. Natural religion shows us that to be human is to be religious. Every ancient society was religious.

33

Natural Law

The ethical knowledge we can acquire through the application of human reason to probe the truth that is "written on the human heart," as distinct from the moral teaching derived from Scripture and Tradition. Natural law is the rational participation of man in the plan of God as well as the objective order established by God that determines the requirements for people to thrive and reach fulfillment.

34

Natural Revelation

What God communicates to us about himself simply through the existence of creation. When God creates, he imprints a mark, and through that mark we can learn something about God.

35

Natural Law

“The ethical knowledge we can acquire through the application of human reason to probe the truth that is “written on the human heart,” as distinct from the moral teaching derived from Scripture and Tradition. Natural law is the rational participation of man in the plan of God as well as the objective order established by God that determines the requirements for people to thrive and reach fulfillment”

36

Natural Religion

“As opposed to religion informed by Divine Revelation, natural religion is based upon reason and ordinary experience rather than upon Divine Revelation. It is the product of the ethical and divine understanding available to human reason. Natural religion shows us that to be human is to be religious. Every ancient society was religious”

37

What are Mysteries?

Supernatural truths about God that we learn by faith but are beyond our grasp of reason. We accept them as truth even though we cannot fully understand them.

38

Grace

gods divine life present in our souls. grace allows us to overcome sin and error and strive towards perfect knowledge of god. there are two kinds of grace: actual and sanctifying

39

What are the "Five Ways?"

St. Thomas Aquina's five proposals for how the existence of God can be known through reason. These included the argument from motion, the argument from causes, the argument from possibility and necessity, the argument from degrees from perfection, and the argument form governance.

40

Natural Theology

The knowledge we can have about God and his attributes simply through using reason, apart from revelation.

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Natural Revelation

“What God communicates to us about himself simply through the existence of creation. When God creates, he imprints a mark, and through that mark we can learn something about God.”

42

What is Natural theology?

The knowledge we can have about God and his attributes simply through using reason, apart from revelation.

43

Philosophy

Derived from Greek meaning literally "love of knowledge," philosophy is the pursuit of truth and understanding through the application of human reason.

44

Who do u think is a good religious role model?

Example answers: The pope, Jesus

45

How could you clarify the existence of God

Through reason and revelation and through the "five ways" of St. Thomas Aquinas

46

What would happen if humans were born with the capacity to know god, but not the natural desire to know him?

Most of humanity would wander the earth, always looking for something more stimulating than what is in their current life, unable to rest in something, since they do not know where to find god any more.

47

What would happen if there were no God?

The universe would be drastically different.

48

Natural Law

The ethical knowledge we can acquire through the application of human reason to probe the truth that is "written on the human heart," as distinct from the moral teaching derived from Scripture and Tradition. Natural law is the rational participation of man in the plan of God as well as the objective order established by God that determines the requirements for people to thrive and reach fulfillment.

49

What would happen if we could prove God existed through science?

If we could prove that God existed through science, then everyone might believe in God. Many beliefs say that nothing is real until proven by science. All those beliefs would die because God was proved by science, and hopefully everyone would begin to have faith.

52

What would happen if there were no God?

The Universe would not be able to function the way it does

53

Natural Religion

As opposed to religion informed by Divine Revelation, natural religion is based upon reason and ordinary experience rather than upon Divine Revelation. It is the product of the ethical and divine understanding available to human reason. Natural religion shows us that to be human is to be religious. Every ancient society was religious.

54

Natural Revelation

What God communicates to us about himself simply through the existence of creation. When God creates, he imprints a mark, and through that mark we can learn something about God.

55

what would happen if no one believed in God and everyone thought science was the reason for everything?

I would never start to believe science is the reasoning for creation and the world would be smart, but it would be without God

56

How would you prove God's existence to an atheist?

You could use the Five Ways of St. Thomas Aquinas