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Flashcards in Pesek, Chapter 5 Deck (79)
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Creation

God's bringing things into being out of nothing. Creation is good, but it has been corrupted by sin.

1

Adam

The first man and our first father. He, together with Eve, committed the first sin (Original Sin). This Hebrew name can refer to Adam or mankind in general.

2

Eve

The first woman and our first mother. Eve was created from the rib of Adam, and thus woman-- unlike the animals-- is man's equal and complement.

3

Serpent

The form take by Satan in the Garden of Eden.

4

Protoevangelium (or protoevangelion)

From the Greek proto meaning "first" and evaggelos meaning "bringing good news". The first message of good news-- the first gospel-- is Genesis 3:15 in which the coming of the Messiah and Redeemer is promised.

5

Noah

The righteous man who, with his family and the animals, survived the Flood.

6

Ark

The vessel built by Noah to save his family and the animals from the Flood.

7

Shem

Hebrew for "name." He was Noah's first-born son and heir as well as the ancestor of the Israelites and related tribes.

8

Abraham

A descendant of Shem and the founder of the Hebrew nation. He was the first to receive a personal call from God (at seventy years old), and he responded in faith.

9

Ur

A city in Mesopotamia, the original home of Abraham.

10

Canaan

The land God promised to Abraham's descendants. It covered about the same territory as modern-day Israel. It's inhabitants were idol-worshipers who even sacrificed their own children in cult rituals.

11

Sarai

The original name of Sarah.

12

Sarah

The wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac.

13

Isaac

Son of Abraham and Sarah. He was born when they were very old. Although Isaac was not Abraham's first son, he was the firstborn of Sarah, Abraham's wife, making Isaac the heir to God's promises.

14

Moriah

The mountains around Jerusalem where Abraham offered his son Isaac as a sacrifice.

15

Israel

The people chosen by God to be his own and to inherit the promises of Abraham. This people is named after Israel (Jacob), from whose twelve sons the tribes of Israel descend. Later after the death of Solomon and the division of the kingdom, Israel referred to the northern ten tribes, while the southern kingdom was known as Judah.

16

Jacob

The younger of Isaac and Rebekah's twin sons. He tricked his brother, Esau, into giving him his inheritance and his father into giving him the first-born's blessing, this becoming Isaac's heir. Through him, God renewed the covenant with Abraham's descendants.

17

Joseph

Jacob's favorite among his twelve sons. His envious brothers sold him as a slave, but Joseph rose to become prime minister of Egypt, where he was ultimately able to slave his family from starvation. Joseph was also the name of the husband of Mary and custodian of the child Jesus.

18

Pharaoh

In ancient times, ruler of the Egyptians, who was generally worshiped as a god.

19

Exodus

Greek for "going out". Liberation of the Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt into the Promised Land by the saving acts of God. The Book of Exodus recounts these events. The word also describes the liberation from slavery to sin into eternal life by the saving act of Jesus Christ.

20

Seth

Adam and Eve's third son and eventual heir. His line carried on the true worship of God in contrast to the evil line of Cain.

21

Moses

The man God chose to lead the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt.

22

Flood

The great deluge that destroyed the world by water, from which only Noah, his family, and the animals escaped. The Flood is a type of the Sacrament of Baptism through which sin is destroyed.

23

Cain

Adam and Eve's first son, and murderer of Abel. The Lord put a mark on Cain so that no one would kill him.

24

Abel

Adam and Eve's second son. Because his sacrifice was acceptable to God, he was murdered by his envious bother Cain.

25

Angel

From the Greek angelos, a translation of the Hebrew malak, meaning "messenger." A spiritual, personal, and immortal creature, possessing intelligence and free will, who glorifies God without ceasing and serves God as protector of and messenger to man.

26

Passover

Pasch; Pascha. It is the Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of their first-born males from death by the blood of the lamb sprinkled on the door posts while in bondage in Egypt. The angel of death passed over their homes, allowing them to leave Egypt for the Promised Land. This was a type of the sacrificial Passion and Death of Jesus Christ, saving men from bondage to sin. The Eucharist celebrates Christ's Passover. Some scholars have noted that some ancient nomadic societies practices an annual feast, known as a Shepherd's Feast, in which lambs were sacrificed.

27

Manna

The miraculous food the Israelites were given in the desert. It is a type of the Eucharist.

28

Sinai

The mountain where Moses received the Law from God.

29

Ten Commandments

Decalogue; the fundamental laws given by God at Sinai that govern divine and human relationships.