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Flashcards in Phi Chapter 4 Deck (23):
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Testament

From the latin Testamentum meaning covenant

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Old Testament

The forty six books of the Bible that record the history of salvation fro creation until the time of Christ

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New Testament

The twenty seven books of the Bible written by sacred authors in apostolic times

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Analogy of Faith

Because God is Truth, there is an absolute unity and coherence of truths contained in the various books of the Bible.

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Bible

Sacred Scripture. The books which contain the truth of God's revelation and were composed by human authors inspired by the Holy Spirit

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Epistle

A letter addressed to a particular person or people

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Prophet

From the Greek prophetes meaning "one who speaks for"; a person selected by God to speak in his name

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Torah

The five Books of Moses the first five books of the Old Testament

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Pentateuch

From the Greek term meaning "five books" referring to the Torah, the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy

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Apocalypse

A type of sacred literature characterized by symbolic imagery pointing to the expectation that the powers of evil will be destroyed and the righteous raised to a new life in justice.

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Canon

Greek and Latin for "rule." It is the Church's complete list of inspired books of the Bible.

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Deuteronomistic

One of the supposed original sources of the Pentateuch, particularly the Book of Deuteronomy. written around the seventhn century.

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Deuterocanonical

Those parts of the OldTestament that were removed from theJewish or Hebrew canon of Scripture, but which appear in the Septuagint (the Greek translation) used by the early Christians

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Elohist (E)

One of the supposed original sources of the Pentateuch, reflecting the perspective of Jews in the northern kingdom of Israel around the eighth or ninth century BC

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Evangelist

One who proclaims the euangellion or gospel ("good news"). Sts. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John each produced a gospel, that is, an account of the earthly life of Jesus Christ, stressing the "good news" contained in his ministry and teachings. In a correlative sense, anyone who works actively to spread and promote the gospel.

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Figure

An event or person in Scripture that points toward a later event or person. The type, on the other hand, has similar virtues or other qualities as its fulfillment.

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Genealogy

The study of ancestry, or a chronological list of ancestors. Genealogies of Jesus are part of the Gospels of St. Matthew and St. Luke as evidence that Jesus is in the ancestral line of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and David, fulfilling the Old Testament prophecies about the Messiah.

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Hexapla

An edition of the Old Testament, produced by Origen, that presented the texts in Hebrew and Greek in side-by-side columns

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Liturgy of the Eucharist

The portion of the Mass that includes the preparation of the bread and wine, the consecration of the Body ad Blood of Christ, and the distribution of Holy Communion to the faithful.

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Liturgy of the Word

The portion of Mass that includes the reading of Scripture and the homily

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Priestly (P)

One of the supposed original sources of the Pentateuch, thought to be a later editor who revised all five books to reflect the concerns of the Jerusalem priesthood after the return of the Jews fro the Babylonian Exile.

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Prophetic Literature

The Old Testament books that comprise the stories of the prophets who cast judgment and warn of divine retribution while calling Israel to repentance. These books include Isaiah, Jeremiah, Baruch, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi

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Protocanonical

Those books of the Bible that were include in the JEwish or Hebrew canon of Scriptures