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Flashcards in Pesek Chapter 4 Deck (28):
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Bible

Sacred Scripture. The books which contain the truth of God's Revelation and were composed by human authors inspired by the Holy Spirit. The Bible contains both the 46 books of the Old Testament and the 27 books of the New Testament.

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Figure

An event or person in Scripture that points toward a later event or person. The type, on the other hand, had similar virtues or other qualities as it's fulfillment.

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Epistle

A letter addressed to a particular person or people. Much of the New Testament consists of epistles written to individuals, to congregations, or to the Church as a whole.

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Genealogy

The study of ancestry, or a chronological list of ancestors. Genealogies of Jesus are part of the Gospels of St. Matthew and St. Luke as evidence that Jesus is in the ancestral line of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, David, fulfilling the Old Testament prophecies about the Messiah.

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Gospel

An Old English war rendering of the Greek for "good news." The Good News of God's mercy and love revealed in the life, Death, and Resurrection of Christ. The Apostles, and the Church following them, proclaim this to the entire world.

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New Testament

The 27 books of the Bible written by sacred authors in apostolic times; they have Jesus Christ, the incarnate Son of God-- his life, teachings, Passion and glorification, and the beginnings of his Church-- as their central theme.

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Old Testamemt

The 46 books of the Bible that record the history of salvation from creation until the time of Christ.

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Prophet

From the Greek prophetes, meaning "one who speaks for"; a person selected by God to speak in his name.

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Testament

From the Latin testamentum ("covenant") See New Testament, Old Testament.

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Type

See Figure.

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Analogy of Faith

Because God is truth, there is an absolute unity and coherence of truths contained in the various books of the bible. These can never be contradictory, but rather illustrate and shed light on one another and the complete plan of Revelation.

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Torah

The 5 Books of Moses (first 5 books of the Old Testament): Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

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Pentateuch

From a Greek term meaning "five books," referring to the Torah, the first 5 books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.

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Elohist

One of the supposed original sources of the Pentateuch, reflecting the perspective of Jews in the northern kingdom of Israel around the 8th or 9th century B.C.

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Deuteronomistic

One of the supposed original sources of the Pentateuch, particularly the Book of Deuteronomy, written around the 7th century B.C.

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Priestly

One of the supposed original sources of the Pentateuch, thought to be a later editor who revised all 5 books to reflect the concerns of the Jerusalem priesthood after the return of the Jews from the Babylonian Exile.

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Yahwist

Thought to represent the perspective of Jews in Judah in about the 10th or 9th century B.C.

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Prophetic Literature

The Old Testament books that compromise the stories of the prophets who cast judgement and warn of divine retribution while calling Israel to repentance. These books include Isaiah, Jeremiah, Baruch, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi

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Evangelist

One who proclaims the euangellion or gospel ("good news"). Sts. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John each produced a gospel, that is, an account of the earthly life of Jesus Christ, stressing the "good news" contained in his ministry and teachings. In a correlative sense, anyone who works actively to spread and promote the gospel.

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Apocalypse

A type of sacred literature characterized by symbolic imagery pointing to the expectation that the powers of evil will be destroyed and the righteous raised to a new life in justice. It is also an alternate name for the Book of Revelation (Apocalypse of St. John).

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Deuterocanonical

Those parts of the Old Testament that were removed from the Jewish or Hebrew canon of Scripture, but which appear in the Septuagint (the Greek translation) used by the early Christians.

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Protocanonical

Those books of the Bible that were included in the Jewish and Hebrew canon of Scriptures.

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Liturgy of the Word

The portion of the Mass that includes the reading of Scripture and the homily.

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Liturgy of the Eucharist

The portion of the Mass that includes the preparation of the bread and wine, the preparation of the bread and wine, the consecration of the Body and Blood of Christ, and the distribution of Holy Communion to the faithful.

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Canon

Greek and Latin for "rule." A statue promulgated to assist in practicing the Faith or governing the Church fairly and consistently. In another sense, canon refers to the Church's complete list of inspired books of the Bible.

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Hexapla

An edition of the Old Testament, produced by Origen, that presented the texts in Hebrew and Greek in side-by-side columns.

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Septuagint

A 3rd century BC Greek translation of the Scriptures (Old Testament). This translation was accepted by the early Christians as an authoritative and inspired translation of Sacred Scripture.

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Vulgate

From the Latin word for "common". The name of St. Jerome's translation of the Bible from its original languages into common Latin by St. Jerome. A "New Vulgate" Bible was produced by the direction of the Second Vatican Council and published with the approval of the Magisterium in 1979.