Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

Theology 11182 > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (43):
0

Allegorial Sense

The spiritual interpretation of Scripture that shows how people and events in history suggest future events and people. Also known as the typical sense

1

Allegory

A prolonged metaphor

2

Anagogical Sense

The spiritual interpretation of Scripture that shows how events un Scripture point to what will be in Heaven

3

Analogy

A way of understanding by drawing a comparison or likeness or dissimilarities between two things or relationships

4

Apostles

From the Greek for "one sent forth". Refers to the Twelve chosen by Jesus during his course of his public ministry to be his closest followers, as well as Sts. Matthias, Paul of Tarsus, Barnabas, and the enlighteners of whole nations

5

Apostolic Fathers

Those fathers of the Church who were direct disciples of the Apostles and wrote during the end of the first century and the beginning of the second century

6

Apostolic Succession

Term used to describe the lineage of the Catholic bishops and pope through the ages by which each holds office in a direct link to the Twelve Apostles

7

Apostolic Tradition

The passing on of the Faith of the Apostles to each generation

8

Bishop

A consecrated successor to the Apostles, usually charges with the spiritual and administrative care of a given territory or diocese. Comes from the Greek word "episkopos"

9

Catechism of the Catholic Church

A summary of Catholic teachings

10

Church Fathers

See Fathers of the Church

11

Council

See Ecumenical Council

12

Council of Jerusalem

Recounted in Acts 15, this synod of the Apostles around AD 49 or 50 spoke with the authority of the Holy Spirit in deciding that Gentile converts to Christianity did not have to be circumcised or obey the Law of Moses

13

Deposit of Faith

The heritage of faith contained in Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition, handed on in the Church from the time of the apostles, from which the Magisterium draws all that it proposes for belief as being divinely revealed

14

Ecumenical Council

From the Greek oikoumene, meaning "the whole world." A formal synod of bishops (sometimes with other ecclesiastics) from the whole inhabited world convened to define doctrine, regulate the Christian life, or apply discipline in the Church. The first ecumenical council was held in Nicaea in AD 325.

15

Fathers of the Church

Refers to a number of Christian writers from the first through eight century whose lives reflected the teachings of Christ and whose teachings were in perfect harmony with the Church. Their value is in fact that the doctrine they developed faithfully communicates the Faith they received from Christ and contributed to a deeper spiritual and theological understanding of natural and supernatural truths.

16

Infallibility

Immunity from error and any possibility of error. The Church and the pope posses this quality. Pope has this as defined in the First Vatican Council (1870)

17

Eschatology

From the Greek "eschaton" meaning "last". Is the study of the end of time

18

Fable

A story, often fanciful, that is not based on fact and is used to illustrate a moral lesson, usually with animals or plants as characters

19

Infallibility (Part 2)

The dogma that the pope cannot err when speaking ex cathedra (when formally exercising his office as chief shepherd and teacher of all Catholics) and defining doctrine concerning faith and morals to be held by the whole Church. The term can also refer to the gift of the Holy Spirit to the Church whereby the pastors of he Church - the pope and bishops in union with him - can definitely proclaim a doctrine of faith or morals for the belief of the faithful, with that proclamation being free from error.

20

Hyperbole

A literary device used to exaggerate to make a point

21

Improper Literal Sense

See Literal Sense

22

Magisterium

The name given to the universal teaching authority of the pope and the bishops in communion with him, which guides the members o the Church without error in matters of faith and morals through the interpretation of the Sacred Scripture and Tradition

23

Inerrancy

Making no mistakes or errors

24

Sacred Tradition

See Tradition...

From the Latin "traditio", meaning "handing down". Sacred Tradition is part of the Deposit of Faith. If the Word of God entrusted by Christ to the Apostles and their successors and communicating by preaching and teaching to every generation of Christians under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, who keeps it free from error. Sacred Tradition preceded Sacred Scripture, which grew out of Sacred Tradition with the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. Human traditions and traditions of men are man-made acts and rituals that did not originate with Christ

26

Inspiration

The gift of the Holy Spirit that assisted human authors to write the books of the Bible

27

Literalistic

A way of reading without regards to the particular literary forms being used. Takes everything as "literary" true

28

Literal Sense

Method of scriptural interpretation based on the meaning of words in the literary and historical content. Words are understood figuratively and symbolically.

29

Literary Analysis

Reading a story with full care and regard or the literal forms and styles being used

30

Literary Forms

Refers to the various styles of writing that communicates a message through particular creative means

32

Metaphor

A word of term that refers to another by comparison, not using "like" or "as"

33

Metaphorical Sense

See Literal Sense

35

Moral Sense

The spiritual interpretation of Scripture that portrays the heroes of Scripture as a pattern for Christians of every age

36

Orthodoxy

Correctness or soundness in the theological faith and beliefs

37

Parable

A story that is told in order to illustrate a moral or spiritual truth

38

Proper Literal Sense

See Literal Sense

39

Tradition

From the Latin "traditio," meaning "handing down." Sacred Tradition is part of the Deposit of Faith. It is the Word of God entrusted by Christ to the Apostles and their successors and communicated by preaching and teaching to every generation of Christians under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, who keeps it free from error. Sacred Scripture grew out of Sacred Tradition with the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. Human traditions and traditions of men are man-made acts and rituals that did not originate with Christ

42

Sensus Fidelium

Literally "the sense of the faithful," the term refers to the inerrancy possessed by all the faithful when they share a universal consent in matters of faith and morals

43

Simile

A word or term that refers to another by comparison using the words "like" or "as"

44

Spiritual Sense

The interpretation of Scripture that seems not only the literal meaning of the text but also the people, events, and things they describe as signs

46

Tropological Sense

See Moral Sense

47

Typical Sense

See Allegorical Sense

48

Veracity

Reliability in communicating the truth