Nguyen, Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Theology 11182 > Nguyen, Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nguyen, Chapter 6 Deck (36):
0

Bethlehem

The city where Jesus Christ was born. It was the ancestral home of David, which is why Joseph, being of the house of David, had to go there to be enrolled.

1

Galilee

A district in the northern part of ancient Israel, on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, whose population was not deported with the rest of the kingdom.

2

Herod the Great

A wicked, ambitious king who took over the government of Palestine with the support of the Romans. He was from Idumea and was half- Jewish, but he portrayed himself as a Jew returned from exile.

3

Pax Romana

Latin term for “Roman peace.” It refers to an era beginning a few decades before the birth of Christ and lasting a few hundred years in which the Roman Empire was ruled by a single emperor and enjoyed tranquility and order.

4

Pharisees

From the Aramaic perishaya, “the separated ones.”Members of an ancient Jewish sect, active during the earthly life of Jesus Christ, distinguished by their strict observance of the traditional, written law and their oral law.

5

Sadducees

A Jewish sect, descendants of Zadok, that believed in accommodating Judaism to modern life. They held most of the positions of power in the priesthood. Sadducees did not believe in the resurrection and denied the existence of angels and spirits.

6

Annunciation

The visit of the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary to inform her that she was to be the mother of the Savior. After giving her consent to God’s word, Mary became the mother of Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit.

7

Epiphany

From the Greek for “manifestation,” the manifestation of Christ to the world. The Feast of Epiphany celebrates the adoration of the Christ child by the Magi, the baptism of Christ in the Jordan, and his first miracle at the wedding in Cana.

8

Immaculate Conception

In light of God’s free choice of Mary from all eternity to be the Mother of his Son, this dogma was defined by Pope Bl. Pius IX in 1854. From the moment of her conception, Mary—by a singular grace of God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ—was preserved from all stain of Original Sin.

9

Jesus Christ

The Only-Begotten Son of God and the Word of God who took on human nature for the redemption of human beings. Christ means “Anointed One.” Given by the Archangel Gabriel at the Annunciation, the name Jesus means “God saves.” This expresses his identity and mission “for he will save his people from their sins” (Mt 1: 21). St. Peter proclaimed, “There is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved” (Acts 4: 12).

10

Apostles

From the Greek for “one sent forth.” Refers to the Twelve chosen by Jesus during the course of his public ministry to be his closest followers, as well as Sts. Matthias, Paul of Tarsus, and the enlighteners of whole nations.

11

Baptize

To immerse in water, to wash ceremonially. The baptism of John the Baptist was an external sign of repentance. The Sacrament of Baptism instituted by Christ cleanses from sin.

12

John the Baptist

A cousin of Jesus, older by six months. His baptizing and preaching in the wilderness prepared the way for Jesus.

13

Son of David

A title that belongs to the descendants of David and to Jesus Christ as the promised heir of the Davidic kingdom.

14

Tempt

To test, usually by proposing an alternative. The devil offered Jesus food, divine protection, and earthly glory at the price of worshiping him.

15

Twelve, The

The Apostles whom Jesus chose to help him in his ministry. This corresponds to the number of tribes of Israel.

16

Blasphemy

A word or deed against God, the Virgin Mary, the saints, the Church, or other things dedicated to God. This is forbidden by the Second Commandment and, in and of itself, always illicit by reason of its object. Such an act entails a disorder of the will that can never be justified by appealing to the good effects that could possibly result.

17

Caiaphas

The high priest appointed by the Roman government. He rent his garments at Jesus’ “blasphemy.”

18

Gethsemane

Aramaic for “oil press”; a garden outside Jerusalem where Jesus went to pray after the Last Supper and where he was betrayed and arrested.

19

Olives, Mount of

A hill outside Jerusalem where Jesus entered the Garden of Gethsemane.

20

Sanhedrin

The supreme council of the Jews. It had competence in every aspect of Jewish life.

21

Upper room

The room where Jesus and the Apostles celebrated the Last Supper; the locked gathering place for the first Christians before Pentecost; one of the first Christian churches; also known as the Cenacle.

22

Pilate

The Roman governor of Judea. Although he found Jesus innocent, he sentenced him to crucifixion.

23

Simon of Cyrene

The man who was forced to help carry Jesus’ Cross to Golgotha.

24

Crucifixion

A form of execution in which the condemned is nailed or otherwise secured to a cross and left to die of slow asphyxiation.

25

Golgotha

The place outside Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified. This name in Aramaic means “the skull.”

26

Hyssop

A tall, branching herb used for sprinkling the blood of the Passover lamb in Exodus 12: 22, and also for giving Jesus sour wine on the Cross.

27

INRI

The acronym for the Latin phrase meaning “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews.”

28

Joseph of Arimathea

An influential member of the Sanhedrin who buried Jesus’ body in his own tomb.

29

Incarnation

To come into flesh. The second Person of the Trinity assumed human nature and became man in order to accomplish salvation in that same human nature. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is both true God and true man.

30

Keys of the Kingdom

The badge of office of the prime ministers of the Davidic kingdom; the power to bind and loose given by Christ to St. Peter.

31

Trinity

The mystery of one God in three Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

32

Cephas

Aramaic for “Peter” or “the rock.”

33

Emmaus

A small village near Jerusalem. After his Resurrection, two of Jesus’ followers met him on the road to Emmaus, but did not recognize him until he broke bread with them.

34

Proselytes of the Gate

Gentiles who worshiped the True God and knew the Jewish Scriptures, but were not circumcised and so were not fully Jewish.

35

Reconciliation, Sacrament of

Also called Penance or Confession; the sacrament by which Christ forgives sins. Jesus gave his Apostles—who passed it on to their successors down to this day—the power to forgive and retain sins.