C23 - Political Paralysis in the Gilded Age 1869-1896 Flashcards Preview

APUSH > C23 - Political Paralysis in the Gilded Age 1869-1896 > Flashcards

Flashcards in C23 - Political Paralysis in the Gilded Age 1869-1896 Deck (41):
1

Jay Cooke

x

2

Samuel Tilden

New York attorney who prosecuted Boss Tweed in 1871, for bribery and fraud. This prosecution gave him the fame that led to his later nomination as candidate for President.

3

spoils system

x

4

cheap money

x

5

Half-Breed

x

6

Mugwumps

x

7

Liberal Republicans

Party formed by reform-minded people who were tired of the scandals and dishonest in the Grant administration. They wanted to "clean out" Washington by "turning the rascals out". They nominated Horace Greeley to run for President.

8

Resumption Act

x

9

Jay Gould

Millionaire who paired with Jubilee Jim Fisk on an illegal scheme to drive up the price of Gold to benefit themselves.

10

(Boss) Tweed Ring

Group in NY City led by Boss Tweed, involved in fraud and bribery. Tweed was convicted and died in jail.

11

Thomas Nast

Cartoonist who drew a famous cartoon of the dishonest Boss Tweed.

12

contraction

Monetary policy that caused deflation of the currency.

13

Charles J. Guiteau

x

14

James A. Garfield

x

15

the "bloody shirt"

Name given to tactic used during the 1856 Presidential campaign: Republican Ulysses S. Grant vs. Democrat Horatio Seymour.

The Bloody shirt referred to using reminders of the bloody Civil War as a way to get votes for General Grant who was a war hero.

16

resumption

x

17

Horatio Seymour

Democrat candidate in the campaign of 1856. He lost.

18

Jim Fisk

Partnered with Jay Gould to illegally drive up the price of Gold, which would make them rich and financially ruin others.

19

Greenback Labor party

Started in 1875, supported by farmers who were being hurt by the US governments monetary policy (causing deflation), low farm prices and high railroad rates.

Peter Cooper was their candidate for President in 1876 election.

20

"Ohio Idea"

Monetary policy idea related to redemption of war bonds. There was disagreement in the Democrat party about how to handle this redemption. Wealthier Democrats had different ideas than poor Dems about how to handle this.

the Ohio Idea came from midwestern Democrats who said war bonds should be redeemed in greenbacks.

21

Credit Mobilier

Scandal that erupted in 1872 which fraudulently made some Union Pacific insiders rich by offering payments or bribes to public officials in Grant's administration (including the Vice President of the US)

22

Whiskey Ring

1874-1875. Scandal involving whiskey distillers' stealing tax revenues.

23

Compromise of 1877

x

24

Ulysses S. Grant

Former Civil War hero, was elected President because of his war hero status. He was not a good leader as President.

Many in his cabinet were dishonest.

25

Rutherford B. Hayes

x

26

Roscoe Conkling

x

27

Gilded Age

Sarcastic name given to the 3 decades after the Civil War, by Mark Twain.

28

Horace Greeley

Nominee for President by the Liberal Republican party.

He was a brilliant man, but not at all qualified to be President.

29

Winfield S. Hancock

x

30

James G. Blaine

x

31

Bland-Allison Act

x

32

"Crime of 73"

x

33

Chester A. Arthur

x

34

Benjamin Harrison

x

35

Stalwart

x

36

hard/sound money

x

37

Grover Cleveland

x

38

Pendleton Act

x

39

GAR

x

40

Richard P. Bland

x

41

Jim Crow laws

x

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