Carbohydrates Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Carbohydrates Deck (15):
1

What is the basic structure of glucose?

2

what is organic chemistry

The study of carbon compounds

3

what are various examples of carbon skeletons

Variation in length

branched

double bonded

ringed

4

what are hydrocarbons

organic molecules containing only carbon and hydrogen

5

What are the various functional groups

Amine

Carboxyl

Carbonyl aldehyde hetone

Hydroxyl

6

what are monosachrides isomers

For Glucose

For Fructose

7

name some disachhrides

maltose= glucose +glucose

sucrose=fructose+ glucose

lactose=glucose +galactose

8

hydrocarbon properties

non polar

hydrophobic

not cohesive or adhesive

9

functional groups in detail

substitude molecules around carbon

may make them polar or liquid

involved in chemical reactions

distinc properties

increase solubility

10

basic male and female steroid pic:

identical carbon skeleton

various functional groups

thus different effects

interact differently

11

draw pic

12

explain pic

cleaves of monomer at a time

13

what are the functions of carbs

what is that bond called

energy

and storage of energy

raw materials

structure

glycosidic linkage

14

name polysachhrides

cost little energy

enzymes

energy storage starch glycogen

cellulose

chitin

15

cellulose

most abundant organic compound on earth

herbivores have bacteria to digest it

undigestible roughage

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