Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (95):
What is the largest artery in the body?
no, not, without
condition of the heart
process of recording
abnormal condition of hardening
process of stretching
What is dilation of an artery caused by weakness in the wall of the vessel?
What are smaller arteries, carrying blood away from the aorta to capillaries?
What is a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart?
Bundle of HIS
Band of specialized cardiac muscle fibers, in the interracial septum
Transmit impulse from heartbeat to purkinje fibers
What is the upper chamber of the heart?
Receives electrical signal from the atria and sends it to the bundle of HIS
At the base of the right atrium
What are the smallest vessels that receive blood from arterioles, carrying blood away from the heart?
The heart's dedicated system of blood supply that is constant and uninterrupted are the ______
What are coordinated, rhythmic pulsations that are part of the relaxation phase?
What is the amount of blood expelled from left ventricle compared with total volume of blood filling the ventricle is equal to stroke volume? (65%)
What is the thin tissue that acts as a lining of each of the chambers and valves?
Now of the largest veins that carries blood toward the heart is the ______
Inferior vena cava
What is the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle... also known as the bicuspid valve?
Mitral Valve (MV)
What is the cardiac muscle surrounding chambers of the heart?
Normal Heart Rate aka
Normal Sinus Rhythm (NSR)
What is the double folded layer of tissue that surrounds the heart (Visceral and parietal)?
What valve is from the tricuspid to pulmonary arteries and pushes blood away from heart?
Pulmonary semilunar valve
From bundle of HIS, receive stimulation and cause ventricles to undergo electrical changes that signal contraction
Force blood out of the pulmonary arteries and the aorta
What is called the natural pacemaker of the heart and is where the heart beat begins?
Tissue walls between heart's chambers is the ____
One of two largest veins carry blood towards the heart is the ______
Superior vena cava
Normal is under 120
What squeezes blood from right atrium to right ventricle?
Tricuspid valve (TV)
What is the blood vessels that carry blood towards the heart?
What are the lower two chambers of the heart?
What are bigger than capillaries and smaller than veins that carries blood back to heart?
What is paroxysmal chest pain often accompanied by shortness of breath and sensation of impending doom?
What is surgically widening narrowed or obstructed arteries>
What is abnormal variation form the normal heartbeat rhythm?
What is a hole in the wall between the upper chambers of the heart?
Atrial septal defect
What disease in which arterial walls become thickened and lose elasticity?
What is the removal of fat, plaque from the coronary artery through a catheter with a rotating shaver or laser?
What is a slow heartbeat, with ventricular contractions <60 bpm?
What is open heart surgery in which a piece of blood vessel from another location is grafted onto one of the coronary arteries to reroute blood around a blockage?
What is the threading of a catheter into the heart under fluoroscopic guidance to collect diagnostic info about structure in the heart, coronary arteries, and great vessels; also used to aid in treat of CAD, congenital abnormalities, and heart failure?
What is the enlargement of the heart?
What is the progressive disorder of the ventricles of the heart?
What is the accumulation and hardening of plaque in the coronary arteries that eventually can deprive the heart muscle of oxygen, leading to angina?
Coronary artery disease CAD
What is a bluish or grayish discoloration of skin, nail bed, and lips caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood?
Profuse secretion of sweat is _____
Use of ultrasonic waves directed through the heart to study the structure and motion of the heart.
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-images heart through transducer into the esophagus
Recording of electrical impulses of the heart as wave deflections of a needle on an instrument called an _______
Electrocardiography (ECG, EKG)
Surgical removal of plaque from the inner layer of an artery is _____
What is an inability of the heart muscle to pump blood efficiently, so that it becomes overloaded. The heart enlarges with unpumped blood and the lungs fill with fluid?
Heart Failure (HF)
What is condition of high/elevated blood pressure?
Very high blood pressure that results in organ damage is _____
Cardiac tissue death that occurs when the coronary arteries are occluded by atheroma, or blood clot that makes it unable to carry enough oxygenated blood to the heart muscle is _______
Myocardial Infarction (MI)
What is pounding or racing of the heart, such that the patient is aware of his/her heartbeat?
What is aspiration of fluid from the pericardium to treat cardiac tamponade?
Removal of vein
Surgical procedure in which a catheter is thread into the coronary artery affected by atherosclerotic heart disease
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
Injection of a chemical solution into varicosities to cause inflammation, resulting in an obliteration of the lining of the vein; blood flow then in rerouted through adjoining vessels is the ______
_______ is a treatment to remove spider veins
Rapid heartbeat >100 bpm
Inflammation of either deep veins with the formation of one or more blood clots