Cardiovascular Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Cardiovascular > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (95):
1

What is the largest artery in the body?

Aorta

2

a-

no, not, without

3

brady-

slow

4

echo-

sound, reverberation

5

electro-

electricity

6

end-

within

7

hyper-

excessive, above

8

per-

through

9

tachy-

fast, rapid

10

trans-

through, across

11

-cardia

condition of the heart

12

-centesis

surgical puncture

13

-ectomy

removal

14

-graphy

process of recording

15

-itis

inflammation

16

-megaly

enlargement

17

-osis

abnormal condition

18

-pathy

disease process

19

-plasty

surgical repair

20

-sclerosis

abnormal condition of hardening

21

-tension

process of stretching

22

-therapy

treatment

23

angi/o

vessel

24

arteri/o

artery

25

arther/o

fat, plague

26

atri/o

atrium

27

cardi/o

heart

28

coron/o

heart

29

cyan/o

blue

30

endocardi/o

endocardium

31

lumin/o

lumen

32

myocardi/o

myocardium

33

pericardi/o

pericardium

34

phleb/o

vein

35

scler/o

hard

36

sept/o

septum

37

thromb/o

clotting, clot

38

valvul/o

valve

39

ventricul/o

ventricle

40

What is dilation of an artery caused by weakness in the wall of the vessel?

aneurysm

41

What are smaller arteries, carrying blood away from the aorta to capillaries?

Arteriole

42

What is a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart?

Artery

43

Bundle of HIS
Band of specialized cardiac muscle fibers, in the interracial septum
Transmit impulse from heartbeat to purkinje fibers

Atrioventricular bundle

44

What is the upper chamber of the heart?

Atrium

45

Atrioventricular Node
Receives electrical signal from the atria and sends it to the bundle of HIS
At the base of the right atrium

AV node

46

What are the smallest vessels that receive blood from arterioles, carrying blood away from the heart?

Capillary

47

The heart's dedicated system of blood supply that is constant and uninterrupted are the ______

Coronary arteries

48

What are coordinated, rhythmic pulsations that are part of the relaxation phase?

Diastole

49

What is the amount of blood expelled from left ventricle compared with total volume of blood filling the ventricle is equal to stroke volume? (65%)

Ejection Fraction

50

What is the thin tissue that acts as a lining of each of the chambers and valves?

Endocardium

51

Now of the largest veins that carries blood toward the heart is the ______

Inferior vena cava

52

What is the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle... also known as the bicuspid valve?

Mitral Valve (MV)

53

What is the cardiac muscle surrounding chambers of the heart?

Myocardium

54

Normal Heart Rate aka

Normal Sinus Rhythm (NSR)

55

What is the double folded layer of tissue that surrounds the heart (Visceral and parietal)?

Pericardium

56

What valve is from the tricuspid to pulmonary arteries and pushes blood away from heart?

Pulmonary semilunar valve

57

From bundle of HIS, receive stimulation and cause ventricles to undergo electrical changes that signal contraction
Force blood out of the pulmonary arteries and the aorta

Purkinje Fibers

58

What is called the natural pacemaker of the heart and is where the heart beat begins?

SA Node

59

Tissue walls between heart's chambers is the ____

Septum

60

One of two largest veins carry blood towards the heart is the ______

Superior vena cava

61

Contractive phase
Normal is under 120
120/80

Systole

62

What squeezes blood from right atrium to right ventricle?

Tricuspid valve (TV)

63

What is the blood vessels that carry blood towards the heart?

Vein

64

What are the lower two chambers of the heart?

Ventricle

65

What are bigger than capillaries and smaller than veins that carries blood back to heart?

Venule

66

What is paroxysmal chest pain often accompanied by shortness of breath and sensation of impending doom?

Angina Pectoris

67

What is surgically widening narrowed or obstructed arteries>

Angioplasty

68

What is abnormal variation form the normal heartbeat rhythm?

Arrhythmia

69

What is a hole in the wall between the upper chambers of the heart?

Atrial septal defect

70

What disease in which arterial walls become thickened and lose elasticity?

Arteriosclerosis

71

What is the removal of fat, plaque from the coronary artery through a catheter with a rotating shaver or laser?

Atherectomy

72

What is a slow heartbeat, with ventricular contractions <60 bpm?

Bradycardia

73

What is open heart surgery in which a piece of blood vessel from another location is grafted onto one of the coronary arteries to reroute blood around a blockage?

CABG

74

What is the threading of a catheter into the heart under fluoroscopic guidance to collect diagnostic info about structure in the heart, coronary arteries, and great vessels; also used to aid in treat of CAD, congenital abnormalities, and heart failure?

Cardiac Catheterization

75

What is the enlargement of the heart?

Cardiomegaly

76

What is the progressive disorder of the ventricles of the heart?

Cardiomyopathy

77

What is the accumulation and hardening of plaque in the coronary arteries that eventually can deprive the heart muscle of oxygen, leading to angina?

Coronary artery disease CAD

78

What is a bluish or grayish discoloration of skin, nail bed, and lips caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood?

Cyanosis

79

Profuse secretion of sweat is _____

Diaphoresis

80

Use of ultrasonic waves directed through the heart to study the structure and motion of the heart.
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-images heart through transducer into the esophagus

Echocardiography (ECHO)

81

Recording of electrical impulses of the heart as wave deflections of a needle on an instrument called an _______

Electrocardiography (ECG, EKG)

82

Surgical removal of plaque from the inner layer of an artery is _____

Endarterectomy

83

What is an inability of the heart muscle to pump blood efficiently, so that it becomes overloaded. The heart enlarges with unpumped blood and the lungs fill with fluid?

Heart Failure (HF)

84

What is condition of high/elevated blood pressure?

Hypertension (HTN)

85

Very high blood pressure that results in organ damage is _____

malignant hypertension

86

Cardiac tissue death that occurs when the coronary arteries are occluded by atheroma, or blood clot that makes it unable to carry enough oxygenated blood to the heart muscle is _______

Myocardial Infarction (MI)

87

What is pounding or racing of the heart, such that the patient is aware of his/her heartbeat?

Palpitations

88

What is aspiration of fluid from the pericardium to treat cardiac tamponade?

Pericardiocentesis

89

Removal of vein

Phlebectomy

90

Surgical procedure in which a catheter is thread into the coronary artery affected by atherosclerotic heart disease

Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)

91

Injection of a chemical solution into varicosities to cause inflammation, resulting in an obliteration of the lining of the vein; blood flow then in rerouted through adjoining vessels is the ______

Sclerotherapy

92

_______ is a treatment to remove spider veins

microsclerotherapy

93

Rapid heartbeat >100 bpm

Tachycardia

94

Inflammation of either deep veins with the formation of one or more blood clots

Thrombophlebitis

95

Repair of stenosed heart valve with the use of a balloon tipped catheter

valvuloplasty