Urinary System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Urinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinary System Deck (66):
1

Sac that stores urine is the _______

Bladder

2

The ________ is located on kidney where ureter and renal vein leave the kidney and renal artery enters

Hilium

3

What Filters blood and eliminates waste through urine?

Kidneys

4

Act of releasing urine is _______

Micturition

5

Millions of microscopic units where filtration, reabsorption and secretion occurs (urinary) is the _______

Nephron

6

Extension of ureter inside of the kidney is the _______

Renal pelvis

7

Triangular area in the bladder between the ureters' entrance and urethral outlet is the _______

Trigone

8

Thin muscular tubes that move urine in peristaltic waves from kidneys to bladder are the ______

Ureters

9

______ is the Tube that conducts urine out of bladder.

Urethra

10

The opening of the urethra is known as the ________

urinary meatus

11

Act of releasing urine is __________

Urination

12

Voiding is the act of releasing _______

Urine

13

An-

No, not, without

14

di-

through, complete

15

dys-

abnormal/painful condition

16

poly-

excessive, frequent

17

re-

back

18

-cele

herniation

19

-dispsia

condition of thirst

20

-flux

flow

21

-graphy

Process of recording

22

-lithotomy

removal of a stone

23

-lysis

seperation, breakdown

24

-pexy

suspension

25

-ptosis

drooping, prolapse

26

-scope

instrument to view

27

-scopy

process of viewing

28

-tomy

Incision

29

-tripsy

Process of crushing

30

-uria

Urinary condition

31

Azot/o

Nitrogen

32

cyst/o

urinary bladder

33

gluc/o glycos/o

sugar, glucose

34

lith/o

stone

35

meat/o

meatus

36

nephr/o

kidney

37

pyel/o

renal pelvis

38

ren/o

kidney

39

trigon/o

trigone

40

ureter/o

urethra

41

urethr/o

urethra

42

urin/o, ur/o

urine, urinary system

43

vesic/o

bladder

44

Condition of no urine is _____

anuria

45

The Hollow, flexible tube that can be inserted into a vessel, organ, or cavity of the body to withdraw or instill fluid is a _______

Catheter

46

What is herniation of the urinary bladder?

Cystocele

47

Instrument for visual examination of the inside of the bladder is a _______

cystoscope

48

Deficiency of the anti diuretic hormone, which causes the patient to excrete large quantities of urine (polyuria) and exhibit excessive thirst (polydipsia) is known as ______

Diabetes insipidus (di)

49

A group of metabolic disorders characterized by high glucose levels that result from inadequate amounts of insulin, resistance to insulin, or a combination of both is ________

Diabetes mellitus (DM)

50

Condition of painful urination is ______

dysuria

51

What is sugar in the urine?

Glycosuria

52

What is the inability to hold urine?

Incontinence

53

Process of crushing stones either to prevent or clear an obstruction in the urinary system (manually, high energy shock waves, pulsed dye laser) is _________

Lithotripsy

54

Incision of urinary meatus is _________

Meatotomy

55

Incision of the kidney for removal of kidney stone is _______

Nephrolithotomy

56

What is the Suspension or fixation of the kidney?

Nephropexy

57

Prolapse or sagging of kidney is the ______

Nephroptosis

58

Condition of excessive thirst ______

Polydipsia

59

Condition of excessive urination is _______

Polyuria

60

_______ is an Infection of the renal pelvis and parenchyma of the kidney, usually the result of lower urinary tract infection

pyelonephritis

61

Inability to release urine

Retention

62

Narrowing of the urethra is ______-

Urethral stenosis

63

Intense sensation of the need to urinate immediately is known as _______

Urgency

64

(UA) physical, chemical, and/or microscopic examination of urine

Urinalysis

65

What is the Abnormal backflow of urine from the bladder to the ureter. May be the result of an obstruction, an infection, or a congenital defect

Vesicoureteral reflux

66

Radiographic imaging of the urinary bladder and urethra done with a contrast medium while patient is urinating is a _________

VCUG
Voiding cystourethrography