Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (75):
1

dia-

through

2

dys-

bad, abnormal

3

endo/end-

within

4

epi-

above, upon

5

inter-

between

6

peri-

surrounding, around

7

syn-

together

8

-al

pertaining to

9

-centesis

surgical procedure

10

-clasis

intentional breaking

11

-desis

binding

12

-graphy

process of recording

13

-itis

inflammation

14

-listhesis

slipping

15

-lysis

breakdown, destruction

16

-malacia

softening

17

-physis

growth

18

-plasty

surgical repair

19

-scopy

process of viewing

20

-trophy

process of nourishment, development

21

arthro/o

joint

22

burs/o

bursa

23

chondr/o

rib

24

dactyl/o

finger, toe, digitus

25

electr/o

electricity

26

fasci/o

fascia

27

my/o

muscle

28

myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord

29

oste/o

bone

30

plant/o

sole

31

prosthes/o

addition

32

rhabdomy/o

skeletal muscle

33

spondyl/o

vertebra

34

syndesm/o

ligament

35

tendin/o

tendon

36

vertebro/o

vertebra

37

arthrocentesis

surgical puncture of a joint to remove fluid

38

binding or stabilization of a join by operative means ______

arthrodesis

39

general term meaning surgical repair of a joint is _______

arthroplasty

40

What is a visual examination of a joint, accomplished by use of an arthroscope?

arthroscopy

41

What is bursitis?

inflammation of a bursa

42

compression injury that manifests itself as fluctuating pain, numbness, and paresthesias of the hand caused by compression of the median nerve at the wrist
is known as _______

Carpal tunnel syndrome

43

What is inflammation of the cartilage of the ribs?

costochondritis

44

What is the procedure that records the electrical activity of muscles?

electromyography

45

protrusion of the central part of the disk that lies between the vertebrae, resulting in compression of the nerve root and pain is known as _____

Herniated intervertebral disk

46

______ is a group of disorders characterized as an inherited progressive atrophy of skeletal muscle without neural involvement

muscular dystrophy

47

_______ is a joint disease characterized by degenerative articular cartilage and a wearing down of the bones’ edges at a joint; considered a “wear and tear” disorder. aka degenerative joint disease.

osteoarthritis

48

What is a refracture of a bone?

osteoclasis

49

_______ is softening of bone caused by loss of minerals from the bony matrix as a result of vitamin D deficiency. for children, its called rickets

Osteomalacia

50

What is inflammation of the bone and bone marrow?

Osteomyelitis

51

loss of bone mass, which results in the bones being fragile and at risk for fractures is known as _____

osteoporosis

52

Fractures that result from an underlying disease are _____

pathologic fractures

53

What causes inflammation of the fascia on the sole of the foot?

plantar fasciitis

54

A ______ is an artificial body part that is constructed to replace missing limbs, eyes and other body parts

prosthesis

55

What is the breakdown of started/skeletal muscle?

Rhabdomyolsis

56

inflammatory joint disease believed to be autoimmune in nature; occurs in a much younger population is known as _____

rheumatoid arthritis

57

abnormal condition of narrowing of the spinal canal with attendant pain, sometimes caused by osteoarthritis or spondylolisthesis
is known as ______

spinal stenosis

58

An abnormal condition characterized by stiffening of the vertebral joints is ______;

spondylosis

59

What is the condition resulting from the partial forward dislocation of one vertebra over the one beneath it?

spondylolisthesis

60

What is subluxation?

Partial dislocation

61

What is the condition of the joining of the fingers or toes, giving them a webbed appearance?

syndactyly

62

What is surgical repair of a ligament?

syndesmoplasty

63

What is inflammation of a tendon?

tendinitis

64

________ consists of the shoulder bones, collar bones, pelvic bones, arms and legs

appendicular skeleton

65

_____ is the joint between bones/cartilage

articulation

66

The _______ consists of the skull, rib cage, and spine

axial skeleton

67

What is bone depression?

a groove, opening or hollow space

68

Raised or projected areas are known as ______

bone process

69

_____ are sacs of fluid located between the bones of the joint and the tendons that hold the muscles in place

bursa

70

What is another name for flexible connective tissue?

Cartilage

71

Tough fibrous covering of the muscles is known as _____

fascia

72

_____ are fibrous bands of tissue that attach bones to other bones

Ligaments

73

Tissue that is composed of cells with the ability to contract and relax is _____

muscle

74

What are bands of tissue that attach muscle to bones?

tendons

75

One of the 26 bones of the spine is the _____

vertebra