Gastrointestinal System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Gastrointestinal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gastrointestinal System Deck (81)
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1

alimentary canal

the long tube in the body through which food passes after it is eaten

2

anus

Final sphincter in the GI tract

3

appendix

a worm-shaped pouch attached to the large intestine

4

cecum

firsts part of the large intestine

5

colon

aka large intestine

6

defecation

The process of releasing feces from the body. Bowel movement (BM)

7

deglutition

Swallowing

8

digestion

The breakdown of food

9

esphagus

A muscular, mucus-lined tube that extends from the throat to the stomach.

10

gallbladder

small sac found on the underside of the right lobe of the liver

11

large intestine

aka colon. Eliminates waste products from the body

12

liver

2 lobes form the liver. Filters and stores blood and forms bile, which emulsifies or mechanically breaks down fat into smaller particles so they can be chemically digested

13

mastication

Chewing

14

oral cavity

Food normally enters the body through the mouth and cavity.

15

pancreas

gland located in the upper left quadrant

16

peristalsis

is a radially symmetrical contraction and relaxation of muscles which propagates in a wave down a muscular tube, in an anterograde fashion

17

pylorus

a muscular valve that holds food in the stomach until it is ready for the next stage in the digestive process

18

rectum

Last straight part of the colon

19

sigmoid colon

S-shaped part of the large intestine

20

small intestine

The small intestine is a long, highly convoluted tube in the digestive system that absorbs about 90% of the nutrients from the food we eat

21

stomach

the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion of food occurs, being (in humans and many mammals) a pear-shaped enlargement of the alimentary canal linking the esophagus to the small intestine

22

a-

no, not, without

23

dia-

complete, through

24

dys-

abnormal bad

25

endo-

within

26

peri-

surrounding

27

re-

back

28

-chezia

condition of stools

29

-ectomy

removal, excision

30

-emesis

vomiting