Nervous System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Nervous System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nervous System Deck (82):
1

an-

no, not, without

2

hemi-

half

3

mono-

one

4

para-, par-

abnormal

5

poly-

many

6

quadri-

four

7

-al, -ar

pertaining to

8

-ectomy

removal

9

-esthesia

feeling

10

-graphy

process of recording

11

-ia

condition

12

-itis

inflammation

13

-lepsy

seizure

14

-lysis

destruction

15

-oma

tumor, mass

16

-paresis

slight paralysis

17

-plegia

paralysis

18

-rrhaphy

suture

19

-tomy

incision

20

cerebell/o

cerebellum

21

cerebr/o

cereburm

22

cord/o, chord/o

spinal chord

23

crani/o

skull, cranium

24

dur/o

dura mater

25

electr/o

electricity

26

encephal/o

brain

27

esthesi/o

feeling

28

hemat/o

blood

29

meningi/o, mening/o

meninges

30

myel/o

spinal cord

31

narc/o

sleep

32

neur/o

nerve

33

osm/o

sense of smell

34

radicul/o

nerve root

35

rhiz/o

nerve root

36

somn/o

sleep

37

vascul/o

vessel

38

autonomic nervous system ANS

Consist of nerves that regulate involuntary functions. Divided into sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system

39

Slender, elongated projection that carries the nervous impulse from the cell body to the next neuron is the ______

axon

40

What connects the cerebral hemispheres to the spinal cord. Composed of the midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata?

Brainstem

41

What is composed of the brain and the spinal cord. Only site which contains interneurons?

Central Nervous System (CNS)

42

The _______ coordinates voluntary movement but is an involuntary in function

cerebellum

43

Present in cavities of the brain (ventricles) is ______

Cerebrospinal fluid CSF

44

Largest portion of the brain. Divided into hemispheres (lobes). Responsible for thinking, reasoning, and memory is _______

Cerebrum

45

Conduct impulses between the brain and the head, neck, thoracic, and abdominal areas. 12 pairs. Part of the peripheral nervous system is ______

cranial nerves

46

Covering unique to the CNS is ______

meninges

47

What covers the axon?

myelin sheath

48

31 pairs of spinal nerves emerge from the spinal cord at the ______

nerve root

49

Parenchymal cells; that carry out the work of the nervous system are _____

neuron

50

Located at the synapse of the axon terminal and neuron dendrites is the ________

neruotransmiter

51

Does the opposite of the sympathetic nervous system. What slows heart rate, lowers blood pressure, increases digestive functions, decreases adrenal and sweat gland activity?

Parasympathetic nervous system

52

rest and digest system is the ______

parasympathetic nervous syystem

53

Composed of grey and white matter. Spinal nerves emerge from it at the nerve root is the _____

spinal cord

54

31 pairs, part of the PNS. Mimic the organization of the vertebrae and provide innervation of the rest of the body is the ______

spinal nerves

55

What Helps a person respond to perceived stress. Heart rate increases, blood pressure increases, slows digestion, increases sweat and adrenal gland secretions?

sympathetic nervous system

56

fight or flight is the _______

sympathetic nervous system

57

the Space where the neurotransmitter is released from the cell to travel across to the next cell is the ______

synapse

58

Lack of sense of smell, without smell

anosmia

59

Motor function disorder as a result of permanent, nonprogressive brain defect or lesion caused perinatally is ______

cerebral palsy (CP)

60

Ischemia of cerebral tissue due to an occlusion/blockage from a thrombus or embolus or a result of a cerebral hemmorage. AKA: stroke, brain attack, and cerebral infarction is______

cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

61

What is an Incision of the spinal cord to relieve pain

cordotomy

62

Removal of part of the skull

craniotomy

63

Record of electrical activity of the brain

electroencephalography

64

What is inflammation of the brain, most often cause by a mosquito bite?

enecephalitis

65

Paralysis of the left or right side of the body is _____

hemiplegia

66

Pertaining to the lower back.

Lumbar puncture

67

Any infection or inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, most commonly due to viral infection is ______

meningitis

68

Condition in which the spinal column has an abnormal opening that allows protrusion of the meninges and or the spinal cord is ______

meningomyelocete

69

Neurodegenerative disease characterized by destruction of the myelin sheaths on the CNS neurons, demyelation, and their abnormal replacement by the gradual accumulation of hardening plaques.

multiple sclerosis (MS)

70

X-ray of the spinal canal after the introduction of a radiopaque is ____

myelography

71

What is a disorder characterized by sudden attack of sleep

narcolepsy

72

Destruction of a nerve is ____

neruolysis

73

Suture of a severe nerve is ______

neruorrhaphpy

74

Slight paralysis of the lower limbs and trunk is

paraparesis

75

Feeling of prickling, burning, or numbness is

paresthesia

76

Neurogenerative disease characterized by tremors, fasciculations, slow shuffling gait, hypokinesia, dysphasia, dysphagia; progressive is ____

Parkinson disease PD

77

Inflammation of the grey matter of the spinal cord caused by polio virus is ______

poliomyelitis

78

Measurement and record of a number of functions while the patient is asleep. Most often used to diagnose sleep apnea is a ______

polysomnography PSG

79

Paralysis of arm legs and trunk is _____

quadriplegia

80

What is the resection of the dorsal root of a spinal nerve to relieve pain?

rhizotomy

81

Pain control method effected by the application of electrical impulses to the skin is ____

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation TENS

82

TIA has the same mechanisms as a CVA but the sequelae resolve and disappear within 24 hrs. ______ is known as a ministroke.

Transiant ischemic attack TIA