Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Integumentary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Integumentary System Deck (67):
1

Dermis

Thick, underlying layer of the skin that is composed of two layers of vascular connective tissue

2

Nail Bed

Highly vascular tissue under the nail that appears pink when the blood is oxygenated

3

Subcutaneous Tissue

Layer of connective tissue which is mainly composed of fat

4

Epidermis

outermost layer of skin

5

Nail Body

The part that is visible on the nail

6

Sudoriferous Glands

sweat glands

7

Eponychium

The small fold of skin above the lower part of the nail, also known as the cuticle

8

Nail Root

Is a grove under a small fold of skin at the base of the nail

9

Hair Follicule

Hair has its roots in the dermis plus their coverings

10

Sebaceous Glands

Glands that produce oil

11

an-

no, not, without

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crypt-

hidden

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epi-

above, upon

14

hyper-

excessive

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intra-

within, into

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par-

beside, near

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sub-

under, below

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trans-

across, through

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-cide

killing

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-ectomy

removal

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-itis

inflammation

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-lytic

to reduce, destroy, separate

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-oma

tumor, mass

24

-osis

abnormal condition

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-plasty

surgical repair

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cutane/o

skin

27

pedicul/i

lice

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dermat/o, derm/o

skin

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rhytid/o

wrinkle

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follicul/o

follicule

31

seb/o

sebum

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hidr/o

sweat

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trich/o

hair

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kerat/o

hard, horny

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ungu/o

nail

36

melan/o

black, dark

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onych/o

nail

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myc/o

fungus

39

alopecia

Alopecia areata is a condition that causes round patches of hair loss. It can lead to total hair loss

40

anhidrosis

A condition in which a person produces little or no sweat

41

curettage

is the use of a curette (French, meaning scoop) to remove tissue by scraping or scooping.

42

debridement

removal of dead, damaged, or infected tissue to improve the healing potential of the remaining healthy tissue.

43

decubitus ulcer

Inflammation, ulcer, or sore in the skin over a bony prominence

44

dermatoplasty

Transplant of living skin to correct effects of injury, operation, or disease

45

ecchymosis

Nonraised skin discoloration caused by the escape of blood into the tissues from ruptured blood vessels. Ecchymoses can occur in mucous membranes (for example, in the mouth).

46

eczema

Superficial inflammation of the skin, characterized by vesicles, weeping, and pruritus

47

escharotomy

Surgical incision into necrotic tissue resulting from a sever burn

48

folliculitis

Inflammation of the hair follicles, which may be superficial or deep, acute or chronic.

49

hermatoma

Collection of extravasated blood trapped in the tissues and palpable to the examiner, such as the ear

50

herpes simplex virus (HSV)

Viral infection characterized by clusters of small vesicles filled with clear fluid on raised inflammatory bases on the skin or mucosa

51

hypertrichosis

Abnormal condition of excessive hair amongst the body

52

intradermal (ID)

Route of injection into the fat layer beneath the skin

53

keratolytic

An agent that dissolves or breaks down the outer layer of skin

54

melanoma

Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer

55

nevus

Birthmark

56

onychocryptosis

Abnormal condition of hidden (ingrown) nail.

57

onychomycosis

Abnormal condition of nail fungus aka tinea unguium

58

paronychia

Infection of the skin beside the nail

59

pediculicide

Destroy lice

60

rhytidectomy

Surgical operation to remove wrinkles. aka facelift

61

seborrhea

inflammatory skin condition that causes flaky, white to yellowish scales to form on oily areas such as the scalp or inside the ear

62

subcutaneous

Pertaining to below the skin

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subungual

Beneath the nail

64

tinea pedis

Fungal infection of the foot aka athlete's foot

65

transdermal

is a route of administration wherein active ingredients are delivered across the skin for systemic distribution

66

tuberculosis (TB) skin tests

Intradermal test using purified protein derivative to test for either dormant or active tuberculosis

67

verruca

Common, contagious epithelial growths usually appearing on the skin of hands, feet, legs aka warts