Mental and Behavioral Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mental and Behavioral Health Deck (53):
1

acro-

heights, extreme

2

agora-

marketplace

3

an-

without

4

bi-

two

5

dys-

difficult, abnormal

6

para-

abnormal

7

-ia

condition

8

-mania

condition of madness

9

-phobia

condition of fear

10

-thymia

condition of mind

11

anthrop/o

man

12

claustr/o

a closing

13

cycl/o

recurring

14

hedon/o

pleasure

15

iatr/o

treatment

16

klept/o

steal

17

nymph/o

woman

18

orex/o

appetite

19

ped/o

child

20

phil/o

attraction

21

phor/o

to carry, to bear

22

pol/o

pole

23

psych/o

mind

24

pyr/o

fire

25

somat/o

body

26

somn/o

sleep

27

the fear of heights is _____

acrophobia

28

Loss of memory caused by brain damage or severe emotional trauma is _____

amnesia

29

What is the absence of the ability to experience either pleasure or joy, even in the face of causative events?

anhedonia

30

Prolonged refusal to eat adequate amounts of food and an altered perception of what constitutes a normal minimum body weight caused by intense fear of becoming obese is _____

anorexia nervosa

31

Series of syndromes that includes impulsiveness, inability to concrete, and a short attention span is _____

attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder

32

What is the condition of abnormal development of social interaction, impaired communication, delayed language acquisition, and repetitive behavior?

Autism

33

A disorder characterized by swings between an elevation of mood, increased energy and activity (hypomania and mania) and lowering of mood and decreased energy and activity (depression) is known as _____

Bipolar Disorder (BP)

34

What is a disorder characterized by impulsive unpredictable mood and self-image, resulting in unstable interpersonal relationships and a tendecy to see and respond to others as unwavering good or evil?

Borderline personality disorder

35

An eating disorder in which the individual eats large quantitates of food and then purges the body through self-induced vomiting or inappropriate use of laxatives is ____

Bulimia Nervosa

36

The fear of encoded spaces is ____

claustrophobia

37

What is a disorder characterized by recurring episodes of mild elation and depression that are not severe enough to warrant a diagnosis of bipolar disorder?

cyclothymia

38

A mental disorder in which the individual experiences a progressive loss of memory personality alterations, confusion, loss of touch with reality and stupor (unawareness of surroundings) is _____

dementia

39

What is depression typically characterized by degree or number of occurrences. Patients exhibits dysphoria, reduction of energy, and decrease in activity. Symptoms include anhedonia, lack of ability to concentrate, and fatigue. Patient may experience parasomnias loss of appetite and loss of self-esteem?

Depressive disorder

40

What is generalized by negative mood characterized by depression?

dysphoria

41

One of the most common diagnosis assigned but not specific to any particular situation or circumstances. Sysmptoms may include persistent nervousness, trembling, muscular tensions, sweating, dizziness, and GI discomfort is _____

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

42

Someone who has an uncontrollable impulse to steal is a _____

kleptomaniac

43

Relentless drive to achieve sexual orgasm in the the female is ____

nymphomania

44

Relentless drive to achieve sexual orgasm in a man is ____

satyriasis

45

What is characterized by recurrent, distressing and unavoidable preoccupations or irresistible drives to preform specific rituals (Constantly checking locks, excessive hand washing) that the patient feels will prevent some harmful event?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD

46

Recurrent unpredictable attacks of severe anxiety panic that are not restricted to any particular situations. Symptoms may include vertigo, chest pain, and heart palpitations is _______

panic disorder (PD)

47

What is a condition in which a person's sexual arousal and gratification depend of fantasizing about and engaging in sexual behavior that is atypical and extreme?

Paraphilia

48

What is abnormal activation of physiologic functions during the sleep cycle?

parasomnia

49

Extended emotional response to a traumatic events, symptoms may include flashbacks, recurring nightmares, anhedonia, insomnia, hyper vigilance, anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts and emotional blunting is ____

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

50

Disorders of the mind, such as schizophrenic, schizotypal, delusional disorders is ______

psychotic disorders

51

Uncontrollable impulses to set fires is _____

pyromania

52

What is characterized by fundamentals distortions of thinking and perception, coupled with affects that are inappropriate or blunted. The patients exhibits characteristic inability to recognize an appropriate perception of reality?

Schizophrenic disorders

53

A disorder that has unfounded physical complaints by the patient despite medical assurance that no physiologic problem exists is _____

Somatoform disorder