Lymph Heart Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Lymph Heart > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lymph Heart Deck (100):
0



Extreme form of allergic response in which the patient suffers severely decreased blood pressure and constriction of the airways.

Anaphylaxis

1

Syndrome cause by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and transmitted through body fluids via sexual contact or intravenous exposure. HIV attacks the helper T cells, which diminish the immune response

AIDS

2


Immune system’s overreaction to irritants that are perceived as antigens. The substance that causes the irritation is called an allergen. Also called hypersensitivity.

Allergy

3


A decrease in red blood cells, hemoglobin, and/or hematocrit

Anemia

4

*
a condition in which the body produces an immune response against its own tissue constituents

Autoimmunity

5


Blood samples are submitted to propagate microorganisms that may be present. Cultures may be indicated for bacteremia or septicemia, or to discover other pathogens

Blood cultures

6


Intravenous transfer of blood from a donor to a recipient, giving either whole blood or its components

Blood transfusion

7


The transplant of bone marrow to stimulate production of normal blood cells

Bone marrow transplant (BMT)

8


Twelve tests, including RBC, WBC, hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit/packed cell volume (Hct/PCV), and diff (WBC differential.

Complete blood count (CBC)

9


Bad mixture. Used to describe diseases of the blood or bone marrow

Dyscrasia

10


Measure of the percentage of red blood cells (RBCs) in the blood

Hematocrit (Hct)

11


Measure of iron-containing pigment of red blood cells (RBCs) that carries oxygen to tissues

Hemoglobin (Hgb) or (Hb)

12


Breaking down of blood

Hemolysis

13


Attraction condition of blood. Group of inherited bleeding disorders characterized by a deficiency of one of the factors necessary for the coagulation of blood. Blood does not clot normally.

Hemophilia

14

*
Rapid loss of blood, usually due to a ruptured blood vessel

Hemorrhage

15


The control of bleeding by mechanical or chemical means

Hemostasis

16


Deficient volume of circulating blood

Hypovolemia

17


A type of blood cancer that begins in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is where cells are produced (i.e white blood cells)

Leukemia*

18


Abnormal increase in white blood cells (WBCs).

Leukocytosis

19


Disease of the lymph nodes or vessels that may be localized or generalized

Lymphadenopathy

20


Radiographic visualization of a part of the lymphatic system after injection with a radiopaque substance.

Lymphangiography

21


Accumulation of lymphatic fluid and resultant swelling caused by obstruction, removal, or hypoplasia of lymph vessels


Lymphedema

22


Increase in the number of mononuclear cells (monocytes and lymphocytes) in the blood caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Can result in splenomegaly, enlarged spleen.

Mononucleosis

23


Deficiency of all blood cells caused by dysfunctional stem cells

Pancytopenia

24

*
Process in which the liquid in the blood, or plasma, is separated from the cells

Plasmapheresis

25


Bleeding disorder characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues

Purpura

26


Removal of the spleen

Splenectomy

27


Deficiency of platelets that causes an inability of the blood to clot. The most common cause of bleeding disorders.

Thrombocytopenia

28


The ways that the body has acquired antibodies to specific diseases (Can be active passive, natural, or artificial)

Acquired immunity

29


When blood cells clump together as a result of escaping their normal vessels.

Agglutination

30


The antibody to agglutinogen

Agglutinin

31


In blood, antigens are called agglutinogens because their presence can cause the blood to clump

Agglutinogen

32


The body produces antibodies that nullify, or neutralize, the antigens

Antibody

33


Substances that produce an immune reaction by their nature of being perceived as foreign to the body


Antigen

34


Use a process called humoral immunity (aka antibody-mediated immunity). They secrete antibodies to “poison” their enemies.

B cells

35


Combat parasites and release histamine and heparin which heal damaged tissue. Absorb basic dye and stain a bluish color. Type of granulocyte.

Basophil

36


Transports gases, chemical substances, and cells that defend the body. Regulates the body’s fluid and electrolyte balance, acid-base balance, and regulates temperature. Protects the body from infection. Protection of the body from loss of blood by the action of clotting

Blood

37


The process of changing a liquid to a solid

Coagulation

38


Chemical messengers secreted by cells of the immune system that direct immune cellular interactions

Cytokine

39


Cells that absorb an acidic dye, which causes them to appear reddish. Defend body against allergens and parasites. Type of granulocyte.

Eosinophil

40


Red Blood Cells (RBCs)

Erythrocyte

41


Process of blood formation

Hematopoiesis

42


A protein-iron pigment that helps transport O2 and CO2 throughout the body. Red blood cells carry O2 and CO2.

Hemoglobin

43


Control of blood flow; that is, stopping the bleeding

Hemostasis

44


A “steady state.” A continual balancing act of the body systems to provide an internal environment that is compatible with life

Homeostasis

45

*
Resistance of an organism to infectious diseases

Immunity

46


Antibodies

Immunoglobulins (Ig)

47


A type of cytokine that sends messages among leukocytes to direct productive action

Interleukin

48


White blood cells (WBCs)

Leukocyte

49


Fluid that circulates through the lymphatic system

Lymph

50


Also known as lymph glands, filter the debris produced by macrophages. Can become enlarged when pathogens are present.

Lymph node

51


Carry lymph via valves (one-way vessels)

Lymph vessel

52


Aka phagocytes because they specialize in phagocytosis. Combat bacteria in pyogenic infections. Consume and remove debris. Do not absorb acidic or basic die, so they are purple in color. Type of granulocyte.

Neutrophil

53


Liquid portion of blood

Plasma

54


White blood cells that have small grains within the cytoplasm and multibodied nuclei

Polymorphonucleocyte (granulocytes)

55


An antigen important in pregnancy. A mismatch between the fetus and the mother can cause erythroblastosis fetalis.

Rh factor

56


Plasma minus the clotting proteins



Serum

57


Organ in the lymphatic system. Located in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen and serves to filter, store and produce blood cells; remove RBCs; and activate B lymphocytes.

Spleen

58


All blood cells originate from a single
type of cell called a stem cell

Stem cell

59


Neutralize enemies through cell-mediated immunity. They attack antigens directly. They are effective against fungi, cancer cells, protozoa, and organ transplants

T cell

60


Also called clotting cells, cell fragments, or platelets

Thrombocyte

61


The thymus gland is located in the mediastinum and develops T lymphocytes (T cells)

Thymus

62


Lymphatic tissue that helps protect the entrance to the respiratory and digestive systems. An organ in the lymphatic system.

Tonsil

63

Bas/o


Base

64

Cyt/o


Cell

65

Eosin/o

Rosy-colored

66

Erythr/o


Red

67

Hem/o, Hemat/o


Blood

68

Home/o


Same

69

Immune/o


Safety, protection

70

Leuk/o


White

71

Lymph/o, Lymphat/o


Lymph

72

Lymphaden/o

Lymph gland (node)

73

Lymphangi/o


Lymph vessel

74

Morph/o


Shape

75

Neutr/o


Neutral

76

Plasm/o


Plasma

77

Thromb/o

Clotting, clot

78

-crasia


Mixture

79

-cytosis

abnormal increase in cells

80

-edema


Swelling

81

-emia


Blood condition

82

-fusion


Pouring

83

-gen


Producing

84

-in


Substance

85

-kine


Movement

86

-lysis


Breaking down

87

-pathy


Disease process

88

-penia


Deficiency

89

-phil


Attraction

90

-philia


Attraction condition

91

-poiesis


Formation

92

-stasis


Controlling, stopping

93

Anti-


against

94

Auto-


self

95

Dys-


Bad, abnormal

96

Inter-


between

97

Pan-


all

98

Poly-


many, excessive

99

Trans-


across