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Flashcards in Lymph Heart Deck (100)
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Extreme form of allergic response in which the patient suffers severely decreased blood pressure and constriction of the airways.

Anaphylaxis

1

Syndrome cause by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and transmitted through body fluids via sexual contact or intravenous exposure. HIV attacks the helper T cells, which diminish the immune response

AIDS

2


Immune system’s overreaction to irritants that are perceived as antigens. The substance that causes the irritation is called an allergen. Also called hypersensitivity.

Allergy

3


A decrease in red blood cells, hemoglobin, and/or hematocrit

Anemia

4

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a condition in which the body produces an immune response against its own tissue constituents

Autoimmunity

5


Blood samples are submitted to propagate microorganisms that may be present. Cultures may be indicated for bacteremia or septicemia, or to discover other pathogens

Blood cultures

6


Intravenous transfer of blood from a donor to a recipient, giving either whole blood or its components

Blood transfusion

7


The transplant of bone marrow to stimulate production of normal blood cells

Bone marrow transplant (BMT)

8


Twelve tests, including RBC, WBC, hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit/packed cell volume (Hct/PCV), and diff (WBC differential.

Complete blood count (CBC)

9


Bad mixture. Used to describe diseases of the blood or bone marrow

Dyscrasia

10


Measure of the percentage of red blood cells (RBCs) in the blood

Hematocrit (Hct)

11


Measure of iron-containing pigment of red blood cells (RBCs) that carries oxygen to tissues

Hemoglobin (Hgb) or (Hb)

12


Breaking down of blood

Hemolysis

13


Attraction condition of blood. Group of inherited bleeding disorders characterized by a deficiency of one of the factors necessary for the coagulation of blood. Blood does not clot normally.

Hemophilia

14

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Rapid loss of blood, usually due to a ruptured blood vessel

Hemorrhage

15


The control of bleeding by mechanical or chemical means

Hemostasis

16


Deficient volume of circulating blood

Hypovolemia

17


A type of blood cancer that begins in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is where cells are produced (i.e white blood cells)

Leukemia*

18


Abnormal increase in white blood cells (WBCs).

Leukocytosis

19


Disease of the lymph nodes or vessels that may be localized or generalized

Lymphadenopathy

20


Radiographic visualization of a part of the lymphatic system after injection with a radiopaque substance.

Lymphangiography

21


Accumulation of lymphatic fluid and resultant swelling caused by obstruction, removal, or hypoplasia of lymph vessels


Lymphedema

22


Increase in the number of mononuclear cells (monocytes and lymphocytes) in the blood caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Can result in splenomegaly, enlarged spleen.

Mononucleosis

23


Deficiency of all blood cells caused by dysfunctional stem cells

Pancytopenia

24

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Process in which the liquid in the blood, or plasma, is separated from the cells

Plasmapheresis

25


Bleeding disorder characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues

Purpura

26


Removal of the spleen

Splenectomy

27


Deficiency of platelets that causes an inability of the blood to clot. The most common cause of bleeding disorders.

Thrombocytopenia

28


The ways that the body has acquired antibodies to specific diseases (Can be active passive, natural, or artificial)

Acquired immunity

29


When blood cells clump together as a result of escaping their normal vessels.

Agglutination