Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Respiratory System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (97):
1

a-

without

2

brady-

slow

3

dys-

difficult, abnormal

4

eu-

normal, good

5

ex-

out

6

hyper-

excessive

7

in-

in

8

para-

near

9

re-

again

10

tachy-

fast

11

-dynia

pain

12

-ectasis

dilation

13

-metry

process of measurement

14

-pnea

breathing

15

-ptysis

spitting

16

-rrhea

discharge

17

-thorax

chest (pleural cavity)

18

adenoid/o

adenoids

19

alveol/o

aveolus

20

bronch/o

bronchus

21

bronchiol/o

bronchiole

22

coni/o

dust

23

cyan/o

blue

24

laryng/o

larynx

25

lob/o

lobe

26

myc/o

fungus

27

nas/o

nose

28

orth/o

straight

29

ox/o, ox/i

oxygen

30

pharyng/o

thorat (pharynx)

31

phon/o

sound

32

pleur/o

pleura

33

pneum/o, pneumon/o

lung

34

rhin/o

nose

35

salping/o

eustachian tube

36

sept/p

septum, wall

37

sin/o, sinus/o

sinus

38

spir/o

breathing, to breath

39

thorac/o

chest

40

tonsil/o

tonsil

41

trache/o

trachea (windpipe)

42

alveolus

a small saclike dilation

43

auscultation and percussion (A & P)

listening and tapping

44

bronchiole

one of the finer subdivisions of the branched bronchial tree.

45

bronchus

one of the larger passages conveying air to a lung (right or left primary bronchus) and within the lungs

46

large dome-shaped muscle responsible for normal, quiet respiration is the ______

Diaphragm

47

A flap of cartilage at the opening to the larynx that closes access to the trachea is the ______

epiglottis

48

A slender tube that connects the tympanic cavity with the nasal part of the pharynx and serves to equalize air pressure on either side o the eardrum is the _____

eustachian tube

49

the act of breathing out is _____

exhalation

50

to breath out is known as ____

expiration

51

The drawing of air into the lungs is

inhilation

52

the inhalation of air into the lungs is

inspiration

53

The portion of the pharynx below the upper edge of the epiglottis, opening into the larynx and esophagus is the ______

laryngopharynx

54

voice box aka

larynx

55

a septum between two parts of an organ or a cavity is the

mediastinum

56

the part of the pharynx above the soft palate is the

nasopharynx

57

What is the sense of smell?

olfaction

58

the part of the airway into which the mouth leads is the

oropharynx

59

Mucosa-lined air cavities in bones of the skull; named paranasal for their proximity to the nose is

paranasal sinuses

60

throat aka

pharynx

61

a double-folded, serous membrane is

pleura

62

Cavity or hollow in the body is

sinus

63

external and internal are the two forms of ____

respiration

64

the exchange of o2 and co2 between the external environment and the lungs is _____

external

65

the exchange of gases between the lungs and the blood is

internal

66

Continuous with the roof of the mouth is

tonsils, palatine

67

tonsils, and pharyngeal helps protect against _____

pathogens

68

windpipe aka

trachea

69

What is a respiratory disorder characterized by recurring episodes of paroxysmal dyspnea. Patients exhibit coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath?

asthma

70

Collapse of lung tissue or an entire lunge is

atelectasis

71

Inflammation of the bronchi that may be acute or chronic is

bronchitis

72

respiratory disorder characterized by a progressive and irreversible diminishment in inspiration and expiratory capacity of the lungs. Patient experiences dyspnea on exertion (DOE), difficulty inhaling or exhaling, and a chronic cough.

Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disease
COPD

73

An instrument to view your lungs

bronchoscopy

74

lack of oxygen in blood seen as bluish or grayish discoloration of the skin, nail-beds, and/or lips

cyanosis

75

difficult, and/or painful breathing

dyspnea

76

abnormal condition of the pulmonary system characterized by distention and destructive changes of the alveoli. The most common cause is tobacco smoking, but exposure to the environment may also cause the disease is

emphysema

77

good, normal breathing is

eupnea

78

coughing up blood or blood stained sputum is

hemoptysis

79

condition of excessive CO2, in the blood is

hypercapnia

80

inflammation of the voice box is

laryngitis

81

a surgical operation where a lobe of the lung is removed

lobectomy

82

Condition of difficult breathing unless in an upright position is

othopnea

83

Measuring a patients O2 saturation is known as

oximetry

84

Inflammation or infection of the pharynx, usually causing symptoms of a sore throat is

pharyngitis

85

inflammation of the parietal pleura of the lungs. may be caused by cancer, pneumonia, or tuberculosis is

pleurisy

86

loss of lung capacity caused by an accumulation of dust in the lungs is

Pneumonia

87

abnormal condition of fungus in the nose is

rhinomycosis

88

What is discharge from the nose?

rhinorrhea

89

surgical repair of the wall between the nares is

septoplasty

90

inflammation of one or more of the paranasal sinuses is

sinusitis

91

test to measure the air capacity of the lungs, with a spirometer is known as

spirometry

92

mucus coughed up from the lungs and expectorated through the mouth. if abnormal, may be described as to its amount, color, or odor is

sputum

93

Chest pain is known as

thoracodynia

94

excision of the palatine tonsils is

tonsillectomy

95

what is the opening through the neck into the trachea, through which an indwelling tube may be inserted temporarily or permanently?

trachestomy

96

incision made into the trachea below the larynx to gain access to the airway; usually performed as an emergency procedure is

tracheotomy

97

chronic infectious disease caused by an acid-fast bacillus, Mycobaterium tuberculosis. Transmission is normally by inhalation or ingestion of infected droplets is

Tuberculosis (TB)