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Flashcards in Cell review Deck (51):
0

Ribosomes do

Protein synthesis

1

Nucleus is used to hold

Genetic material

2

The Golgi apparatus does

Proteins sorting kind of like the UPS

3

The mitochondria does

ATP synthesis this is also known as the powerhouse

4

In a prokaryotic cell the pili does what

Provides points of adhesions to the surface of other cells

5

In a prokaryotic cell the nucleoid is used to

Contains a single simple long circular DNA molecule

6

In a prokaryotic cell of the flagella does

Propel the cell through it surroundings

7

The prokaryotic cell is about the size of

Mitochondria

8

Membrane lipid's building blocks are

Fatty acids

9

Protein building blocks are

Amino acids

10

DNA building blocks are

Nucleic acid

11

Complex carbohydrate building blocks are

Simple sugars

12

How many electrons are in the valence electron shell

1 2(He)
2 3 4 5 6 7 8

13

What are the number of electrons that will hold in electron outershell

2
8
8
18
18

14

Trace elements are

Elements that are needed in small amounts but we need them

Iron, magnesium

15

Bulk elements are

Found in abundance in the body

16

How many valence electrons are on a neutral oxygen atom

6

17

Which atoms are ions (electrolytes) in the aqueous portions of our cells and extracellualar space andn for the most common ones know the charge each has

H+
Na+
K+(gets rid of 1 electron in outermost shell)

Mg++
Ca++(gets rid of 2 electrons in outershell)

Cl-(except an electron since it has 7 valence electrons already)

18

What is the charge of a potassium ion

+1

19

What is the charge of the sodium ion

+1

20

What is the charge of a calcium ion

+2

21

What is the charge of the chlorine ion

Cl -1

22

What is the number of bonds that hydrogen can make

1

23

Number of bonds that carbon can make

4 or

3 bonds with a negative charge CN-

24

Number of bonds that nitrogen can make

3 bonds or

4 bonds with a positive charge NH4+

25

Number of bonds that P can make

3 or 5***

26

Number of bonds that O can make

2 bonds

27

Number of bonds that S can make

2 or 6

28

Number of bonds that F, can make

1 bond

29

How many covalent bonds does a neutral carbon make

4

30

How many covalent bonds can iodine make

1

31

How many bonds can carbon form with hydrogen

1

32

How many bonds can carbon form with oxygen

Single, double, or triple bonds to oxygen

33

How many bonds can carbon make to nitrogen

Single, double, or triple bonds to nitrogen

34

Carbon can form how many bonds with another carbon

Single, double, or triple bonds to another carbon

35

How many bonds does +1 N atom make to other atoms

4

36

Nucleolus does

Codes for rRNA (needed to make ribosomes)

37

A nuclear membrane does

Membrane that surrounds the nucleus

38

Rough ER does

It is continuous with the nuclear envelope and contains ribosomes

39

Ribosomes do

Make proteins ( made out of RNA and some proteins)

40

Smooth ER does

Modifies proteins

41

Transport vesicles

Move pieces of the smooth ER to the Golgi complex

42

Peroxisome does

Special reaction that makes hydrogen peroxide

43

Lysosomes do

It is the recycling center that digests debris

44

Plasma membrane does

Separates the outside from the inside

45

Cytoskeleton does

They are proteins they give shape and strength

46

What is the charge on ion Fe

+2 or +3

47

What is the charge of I ion

-1

48

What is the charge of hydroxide ion

-1

49

What is the charge of F ion

-1

50

What is the charge of magnesium ions

+2