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Flashcards in Nutrients Deck (22):
0

Carbohydrates

Needed for: Energy

Deficiency causes: Carbs can be made from amino acids

1

Non Essential Fatty Acids

Needed for: membrane energy

Deficiency causes: fats can be made from excess amino acids or carbohydrates

2

Essential fatty acids

Needed for: membranes and hormone synthesis

Deficiency causes:dermatitis and heart problems

3

Non-essential amino acids

Needed for: protein synthesis

Deficiency causes: non essential amino acids made from essential amino acids

4

Essential amino acids

Needed for:protein synthesis

Deficiency causes: kwashiorkor
Edema & dermatosis

5

Beta-carotene/ retinal

Needed for: Light detection in eyes

Deficiency causes: night blindness

6

Thiamine

Needed for: decarboxylation reactions

Deficiency causes:Beri Beti

7

Riboflavin

Needed for: FAD formation

Deficiency causes: Ariboflavinosis

8

Niacin

Needed for: NAD formation

Deficiency causes: Pellagra

9

Pantothenic acid

Needed for: CoA formation

Deficiency causes: emotional problems

10

Pyridoxical phosphate

Needed for: Deamination and aldehyde oxidations

Deficiency causes: dermatitis

11

Biotin

Needed for: Carboxylation

Deficiency causes: dermatitis

12

Folic acid

Needed for: One carbon transfer reactions

Deficiency causes: megaloblastic anemia

13

Cyanocobalamine

Needed for: odd fatty acids and Folic acids

Deficiency causes: megaloblastic anemia

14

Ascorbic acid

Needed for: collagen formation

Deficiency causes: scurvy

15

Calciferol

Needed for: calcium uptake

Deficiency causes: rickets

16

a-tocopherol

Needed for: antioxidant reactions

Deficiency causes: sterility

17

Phylloquinone

Needed for blood clotting

Deficiency causes hemorrhaging

18

Fluoride

Needed for teeth

Deficiency causes cavities

19

Iron

Needed for hemes and cytochromes

Deficiency causes Anemia and fatigue

20

Iodine

Needed for thyroid hormone synthesis

Deficiency causes goiters

21

Zinc

Needed for protein function

Deficiency causes skin problems