Functional Groups Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Functional Groups Deck (46):
0

Carboxylic Acid

O
ll
R----C---OH

1

Amine group

H H
\ /
N
l
R

2

Ketone structure

O
ll
C
/ \
R R

3

Primary Amine structure

H H
\ .. /
N
l
R

Ex NH3

4

Ether structure

O
/ \
R R

5

Aldehyde structure

O
ll
C
/ \
R H

6

Alcohol structure

O
/ \
R H

7

Phenol structure

______
/ \____OH
\_______/

8

Phenyl group

______
R---/ \
\_______/

9

Alkene

C=C

10

Methyl (alkane) C-C

H
|
R--C--H
|
H

11

Ethyl (alkane) C-C

H H
| |
R-- C-----C--H
| |
H H

12

Carboxylate

O
||
R---C---O-

13

Ester

O
||
R--C--O--R

14

Anhydride

R--C--O--C--R
|| ||
O O

15

Phosphate

O-
|
-O--- P---O-
||
O

16

TertiaryAmine

3 R groups

..
N
/ | \
R1 R2 R3

17

Secondary Amine

2 R groups
..
N
/ | \
R1 R2 H

18

Quaternary Amine

R1
|
R3--- N+---R4
/
/
R2

19

Amide

O
||
R-- C--N--R
\
R

Ex: O H
|| /
--C--N---

20

Sulfhydryl

R--S--H

Ex: |
---C---S--H
|

21

Disulfide

R1--S--S--R2

Ex:
| |
--C--S--S--C--
| |

22

-CH2-CH3

Alkane (ethyl)

23

-OH

Alcohol

24

C-O-C

Ether

25

-COOH

Carboxylic acid

26

NH2

Amine

27

-PO4

Phosphate

28

-SO4

Sulfate

29

_
-C=C-

Alkene

30

C-NH2

Primary amine

31

-CH3

Methyl

32

-CH2-

Methylene

33

C-OH

Alcohol

34

C-O-C

Ether

35

Ketone

Carbonyl between two carbons

36

Primary amine

Nitrogen attached to 1 carbon

37

Secondary Amine

Nitrogen attached to 2 carbons

38

Aldehyde

Carbonyl with at least one hydrogen

39

Tertiary amine

Nitrogen attached to three carbons

40

Disulfide

To Sulfurs between two carbons
-C-S-S-C-

41

Carbonyl

C=O

42

Quarternary amine

Nitrogen with +1 charge attached to 4 carbons

43

Carboxylic acid

Carbonyl with a hydroxyl

44

Sulfhydryl

-H-S-

45

Ester

Carbonyl attached to an alcohol oxygen