Ch 1-16 Review Flashcards Preview

7th History > Ch 1-16 Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 1-16 Review Deck (561)
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151

Olympic Games

Competitions held every four years to honor Zeus , and to encourage unity among the various city-states of Greece

152

Greco – Persian wars

Wars between Greece and Persia

153

Peloponnesian war

The war between Sparta and Athens, even Persia became involved

154

Hellenistic Age

The period of several hundred years between Alexanders conquest and the Roman empire

155

Crete

Island where the Minoans lived

156

Knossos

An impressive palace built by the Minoans

157

Troy

A city on the coast of Asia minor that was burned after a 10 year war

158

Mount Olympus

Home of the gods according to Greek mythology

159

Marathon

A place where they greatly outnumbered Athenians defeated the Persians

160

Hellespont

A straight between Europe and Asia minor where the Persians built a bridge

161

Thermopylae

The narrow mountain pass where the Spartan army was betrayed by a traitor

162

Salamis

The place where the small Greek navy defeated the Persian fleet

163

Persepolis

The chief city of the Persian homeland that was conquered by Alexander in the 330 B.C.

164

Alexandria

The name given to 16 cities built by Alexander

165

Zeus

King of all the Greek gods

166

Apollo

Greek god of the sun

167

Polis

The Greek city-state

168

Acropolis

A hilltop fortress that served as a seat of government and religion

169

Agora

The Greek marketplace

170

Monarchy

Rule by one

171

Aristocracy

Ruled by the "best"

172

Oligarchy

Ruled by a few rather than one or many; ruled by a few rich men

173

Tyranny

A bad form of one man rule

174

Democracy

Rule by the many or the common people

175

Helots

The common laborers who farmed the land for the ruling class

176

Peloponnesian League

A league formed between Sparta and other Greek cities

177

Direct democracy

A government in which the people themselves make the big decisions directly, rather than indirectly through representatives

178

Delian league

I defensive alliance formed by Athens to prevent another Persian invasion

179

Philosopher

Lover of wisdom

180

Dialogues

Plato's writings