Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (52)
What was the first American history book and who wrote it
History of Plymouth Plantation
by William Bradford
The Scrooby congregation became known to history by this name
The pilgrims fled to this city in Holland to escape persecution. Why were they just satisfied in Holland?
Dutch authorities placed work restrictions on English immigrants causing children to work long hours and Holland was a very worldly place.
This Puritan nobleman helped the pilgrims obtain a patent from the London company
Sir Edwin Sandys
How many passengers on the mayflower were from the Leyden congregation? How many passengers were there in all?
What civic responsibilities did the pilgrims recognize?
To obey leaders,
to pay taxes,
to be loyal citizens,
and to pray for their civic leaders
The first governor of Plymouth
Identify these people and things
Lutheran pastor who started the pietist movement in Germany
What was England like in John Wesley's day? Describe the churches of the time.
Terrible moral decadence. Thousands of England Puritans left to America. Persecution ceased and those left in England lost desire for good. More freedom but more sin. Gambling, drinking, immorality and a bad literature.
John Wesley preached this many years. What did President Woodrow Wilson say that John Wesley's preaching did for England?
Woodrow Wilson said that John Wesley's place in history prepared England for peaceful reform and saved it from a political revolution such as the one in France.
When did parliament band the British slave trade? When did abolish slavery throughout the British Empire?
What do historians see as the beginning of the popular education in Great Britain
Sunday school movement
In what year did modern missions begin? Who is the father of modern missions?
This name was given to the nationwide revival in 18th-century England.
This name was given in America.
The Weslyan revival
The "Great Awakening"
The reason New England did not share England's problem of moral decadence
Christians who had left England took their high moral standards with them and kept influencing new England for good into the 1700s. They were hard workers, intelligent, well-educated, weld to do, good and moral
How did the Puritan attitude toward work benefit New England?
The Puritans saw work as a way of exalting God and they did not look down on poor working people. New England did not have any poor people.
Jonathan Edwards's most famous sermon
"Sinners in the hands of an angry God"
This famous American described George Whitefield preaching. What change did he say it brought?
Everyone was thinking about religion it seemed
How many times did George Whitefield come to America? To how many people did he preach in his lifetime?
Over 10 million people
These are the spiritual founding fathers of America.
The leaders of the great awakening
Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield
The opposition of the government churches to the great awakening helped Americans to recognize this principle.
Separation of church and state
Identify these people and things
Briefly describe the typical colonial government
Followed policy of mercantilism and economic theory which measured the nation's wealth by the amount of gold and silver at possessed
England wanted to use the colonies to boost their wealth. Colonists wanted to use trade to boost their own wealth, not England's
In what year were England and Scotland united to form Great Britain?
This Hanoverian king ruled England one America one her independence.
King George III
How was the French and Indian war significant for America? What treaty ended the war?
It removed the threat of French interference and united the colonists against a common enemy and gave them military experience they would use to fight England later.
What part of Grenville's reforms did the colonists hate most?
The Stamp Act of 1765, a tax which required colonists to buy special stamps which had to be affixed to legal documents pamphlets, and even newspapers
What effects did the Townshend acts have on the colonies and how did the colonies respond?
They imposed duties on imports like paper, paint, lead, glass, and tea. They Estadt wished a board of customs and created special courts to try customs Dodgers.
Colonists insisted they should be protected from taxation without representation. They boycotted and refused to buy British goods.