Flashcards in Ch 20 Deck (50)
What did Thomas Aquinas do and how did the Roman church support his work?
He combined Aristotle's ideas with Roman Catholic teachings. The Roman church gave his work official approval and forbade anyone to disagree with it.
Why were Aristotle's ideas about physics wrong? Did his physics help man to subdue the earth?
Aristotle like other Greeks, attributed characteristics to the physical universe that only God possesses. Aristotle believed matter has always existed.
He produced nothing to help man fulfill God's command to subdue the earth.
How did Francis Bacon explain the connection between the Protestant Reformation and modern science?
He said that at the same time as the church was being held accountable for not holding to the truth, the Reformation was exposing that and he was encouraging people to find the truth on their own, other bodies of knowledge should be discovered by regular people also like science.
Describe Copernicus's view of the universe. How did it different from the excepted do you have his day?
He said the universe revolves around the sun this was in contrast to what everyone believed that the universe revolves around the earth Heliocentric versus geocentric
What laws did Kepler Discover?
The laws of planetary motion.
What convinced Galileo that Copernicus and Kepler were right? What laws did Galileo develop?
He viewed the sky through a telescope he built in 1610. His eyes and the reason told him that Aristotle had been wrong and that Copernicus and Kepler work correct.
Law of uniform acceleration
Laws of the pendulum
What is the language of science question
When was the name scientist coined and what we're scientists called before that time?
Who contributed more to scientific progress than any other individual and what famous lie did he discover?
The law of universal gravitation
During the 17th century what group of people took the greatest interest in the work of the scientist?
What was the first permanent scientific Society in the modern age? When was it founded and where?
The Royal Society for the improvement of natural knowledge
It was formed in 1662 in London England under John Wilkins
For what is Albert Einstein especially remembered?
Stating the theories of relativity
Who is known as the father of anatomy and what did William Harvey describe?
William Harvey described the circulation of the blood in the human body.
Identify these things
physics Tycho Brahe
French Academy of science
How did nature worship keep ancient people from developing science?
The belief in astrology, the confused idea that the stars, rather than the creator of the stars, will the destiny's of men, confused men and they did not understand that the stars are controlled by natural forces and rationalize of nature established by God.
They were shipped nature itself as a God
What kind of student was Charles Darwin and in what subject was he notably deficient?
He was not a very good student. He was notably deficient in mathematics.
Describe the principle of uniformity. What opposite principal did the founders of modern science believe?
The present explains the past and you cannot know about the past without interpreting the present based on observations.
Modern scientists founders believed that the past meaning the Bible was the key meaning for the future
What did Darwin stay in Descent of Man?
"Man is descended from a hairy tailed quadruped probably arbor real and it's habits and and inhabitants of the old world."
Why did many people begin to except Darwins ideas question
He was a "scientist". People did not want the Bible telling them how to live.
How does evolution threaten the quality of science?
Evolution is an attempt to separate science from its Christian heritage.
Scientists changed their course from mastering nature for the benefit of mankind to trying to prove Darwin's ideas which really could not be proven
What is a scientists most important guidebook?
Identify these things
The Origin of Species
survival of the fittest
What set the stage for the industrial revolution? What years are called the age of industry?
The rise of modern science and the 16th and 17th centuries and the revival of biblical Christianity in England America and some European countries in the 18th century.
1760 to 1900 the industrial revolution
What is subsistence farming? What is the most critical material factor in determining how far a nation may advance?
Growing just enough food to feed their own families
Mastery of the food supply
List some of the inventions that increased agricultural production
Jethro Tull's seed drill 1701
Mechanical reaper by Cyrus McCormick and 1831
Steel plow by John Deere in 1837
The combine that combined the reaper and thresher by 1900
Why did England take the lead in the industrial revolution in the 18th century?
England had an excellent system of rivers and harbors for transportation and water power, harbors ample supplies of coal and iron, the world's largest non-fire being labor supply, a government rewarding private initiative and protected private property, capital for investment and the worlds largest navy and merchant Marine. It was populated by people inspired by the Protestant work ethic to work and improve itself.
Compare the domestic system of manufacturing with the factory system
The domestic system was people working in small private shops, usually within a Craftsmans home. Often entire families would manufacture products together. It was very hard work and took a lot of time.
People were hired to come together and produce manufactured goods in a systematic way for wages in a larger facility.
How did industrialism affect the size of cities?
Cities grew rapidly and they grew large. The population exploded
What happens in countries that grow in size and do not industrialize?
There are more people to feed and clothe without the resources needed to provide for all of them so people end up living in horrible conditions not faring much better than the cattle.