Ch 1-16 Review Flashcards Preview

7th History > Ch 1-16 Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 1-16 Review Deck (561)
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181

Phalanx

A large group of soldiers train to charge the enemy as a group

182

Hellenic

Greek

183

Parthenon

A beautiful temple to Athena

184

776 B.C.

The First Olympic Games

185

404 B.C.

The date Athens surrendered to Sparta

186

Gauls, greeks, Etruscans, Latins

Early inhabitants of Italy

187

Romulus, Remus

The two brothers in the legend of Romes beginning

188

Plebeians

The common people of Rome

189

Patricians

Wealthier Romans

190

Pyrrhus

The Greek king who's victories over Rome cost him many men

191

Hannibal

Used elephants in his march through the Alps during the second Punic war

192

Scipio

Lead the Roman attack on Carthage during the second Punic war

193

Pompey

Elected consul in 70 B.C.; captured Jerusalem and 63 B.C.

194

Julius Caesar

Ruled the Roman empire from 49 to 44 B.C.

195

Antony

Caesars closest friend; defeated at Actium

196

Octavian

Julius Caesar's adopted son and became heir; became known as Caesar Augustus

197

Cleopatra

Last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt; committed suicide with Anthony in 31 B.C.

198

Herod

Palestinian king at the time of Christ's birth

199

Sardinia and Sicily

Two large islands that lie near the Italian peninsula

200

Alps

The mountains which isolate Italy from the rest of Europe

201

Appennies

The mountain range with stretches from the po River valley to the tip of the peninsula

202

Tiber River

The location of the city of Rome

203

Carthage

Rome's enemy in the Punic wars

204

Rubicon river

Where caesar disobeyed and showed his determination to be the ruler of Rome

205

Palestine

The name of the promised land by the time of the Roman empire

206

Battle of Zama

Where Hannibal was defeated and Carthage's power was broken

207

Battle of actium

Where Octavian's fleet defeated Anthony's fleet

208

Pax Romana

200 years of the Roman empire remembered as a time of peace and prosperity

209

Magna Graecia

Greater Greece ; island of Sicily and southern Italy where the Greeks established many colonies

210

Forum

A common meeting place which was the heart of the city of Rome