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Flashcards in ch 10 Deck (19):
1

industry v inferiority

psychological conflict of middle childhood which resolved positively when children develop a sense of competence at useful skills and tasks

2

social comparisons

judgments of their appearance, abilities and behavior in relation to those of others

3

mastery-oriented attributions

crediting their successes to ability - a characteristic that can be improved through trying hard and can count on when facing new challenges and attributed failure to factors that can be changed or controlled, such as insufficient effort or a very difficult task

4

learned helplessness

children who develop this attributed their failures but not successes to ability. when they succeed they conclude that external factors i.e. luck, are responsible. unlike their mastery-orientated counterparts they believe that ability is fixed and cannot be improved by trying hard

5

peer groups

collectives that generate unique values and standards for behavior and a social structure of leaders and followers

6

peer acceptance

referring to likability -extent to which a child is viewed by group of age mates as a worthy social partner

7

popular children

get many positive votes, well liked

8

rejected children

who get many negative votes, disliked

9

controversial children

get lots of positive and negative votes

10

neglected children

seldom mentioned

11

popular prosocial children

majoritive subtype of popular children combining social competence and academic

12

popular antisocial children

subtype of popular children, "tough" boys - usually jocks or mean girls

13

rejected-aggresive children

majority of rejected children subtype show high rates of conflict, physical and relational aggression, hyperactive, inattentive, impulsive

14

rejected-withdrawn children

passive and socially awkward

15

peer victimization

certain children become targets of verbal and physical attacks or other types of abuse

16

coregulation

form of supervision in which parents exercise general oversight while letting children take charge of moment by moment decision making

17

blended or reconstituted family

parent stepparent and children form a new family structure

18

self-care children

regularly look after themselves for some period of time after school

19

phobia

intense, unmanageable fear, 5% of school aged kids