ch 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ch 11 Deck (16):
1

adolescence

the transition between childhood and adulthood

2

puberty

flood of biological events leading to an adult size body and sexual maturity

3

growth spurt

first outward sign of puberty is the rapid gain in height and weight

4

primary sexual characteristics

involve reproductive organs

5

secondary sexual characteristics

visible on outside of the body and serve as additional signs of sexual maturity

6

menarche

first menstruation

7

spermarche

first ejaculation

8

secular trend

aka generational change , in last 100 years puberty hits earlier due to improved physical health, threats to emotional health can instigate puberty

9

body image

conception and attitude toward physical image

10

anorexia nervosa

people starve themselves because of compulsive fear of getting fat

11

bulimia nervosa

strict dieting and excessive exercise accompanied by binge eating followed by deliberate vomiting, purging with laxitives

12

formal operational stage

develop the capacity for abstract, systematic and scientific thinking

13

hypothetico-deductive reasoning

when faced with problem, start hypothesis that leads to deducing logical, testable inferences, and systematically isolate and combine variables to see which of these variables to see which of these inferences are confirmed in the real world

14

propositional thought

adolescents' ability to evaluate logic of propositions/ verbal statements without referring to real world circumstances

15

imaginary audience

adolescents belief that they are the focus of everyone else's attention and concern

16

personal fable

certain that others are observing and thinking about them, teenagers develop an inflate opinion of their own importance-a feeling that they are special and unique