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Flashcards in Ch 1 Deck (17):
1

developmental science

field of study devoted to understanding constancy and change throughout the lifespan

2

theory

orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, explains and predicts behavior

3

continuous

process of gradually augmenting the same types of skills that were there to begin with

4

discontinuous

process in which new ways of understanding and responding to the world emerge at specific times

5

continuous v discontinuous

view that infants react in similar just less complex way to the world than adults v children having a unique way of thinking feeling and behaving from adults

6

stage theorists

assume everyone follows same sequence of development

7

human development field

believe adults and children live indistinct contexts

8

contexts

unique combinations of personal and environmental circumstances that can result in different paths of change

9

stages

qualitative changes in thinking feeling and behaving that characterizes specific periods of development

10

nature v nurture

are genetic or environmental facts more influential

11

nature

hereditary information received from our parents at conception

12

nurture

complex forces of physical and social world that influence our biological makeup and psychological experiences before and after birth

13

stability

individuals will retain deficits and strengths through life, focuses on heredity, persistence of individual differences, proceeds staidly and sequentially

14

environment

usually point to early experiences as establishing a lifelong pattern of behavior

15

plasticity

open to change throughout life in response to influential experiences

16

development as a dynamic system

ongoing process from birth to death molded by (biological, social, psychological) influences

17

four assumptions of lifespan perspective

development is lifelong , multidimensional, highly plastic, affected by multiple, interacting forces