ch 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ch 9 Deck (33):
1

obesity

more than 20% increase over healthy weight BMI 85th percentile - over weight, 95th obease

2

rough and tumble play

friendly chasing and play fighting

3

dominance hierarchy

stable ordering of group members that predict who will win when conflict arises

4

concrete operational stage

7-11 years compared with an early stage childhood thought is far more logical, flexible and organized

5

reversibility

capacity to think through series of steps then mentally reverse direction

6

seriation

ability to order items along a quantitative dimension such a length or overweight

7

transitive inference

ability of a concrete operational child who can seriate mentally

8

cognitive maps

mentally representations of familiar large scale spaces such as neighborhoods or school

9

ADHD

involves inattention, impulsivity and excessive motor activity resulting in academic and social problem

10

rehearsal

reporting information to self, first appears in early grade school years

11

organization

grouping related items together

12

elaboration

creating a relationship or shared meaning between two or more pieces of information that do not belong to the same category

13

cognitive self-regulation

the process of continuously monitoring progress toward a goal checking outcomes and redirecting unsuccessful efforts

14

whole language approach

argued that from the beginning children should be exposed to text in complete form so that they can appreciate the communicative function of written language i.e. stories, letters, lists

15

phonics approach

believing that children should first be coached on phonics - the basic rules for translating written symbols into sounds, only after mastering these skills should they get complex reading material

16

triarchic theory of successful intelligence

identifies three broad interacting intelligences 1-analytical intelligence or information precessing skills 2 creative intelligence - capacity to solve novel problems 3 practical intelligence - application of intellectual skills in everyday situations

17

intelligent behavior

involves balancing all three aspects of triarchic theory to succeed in life according to one's personal goals and the requirements of ones cultural community

18

theory of multiple intelligences

defines intelligence in terms of distinct sets of processing operations that permit individuals to engage in a wide range of culturally valued activities. demising the idea of general intelligences, gardner proposes at least eight independent intelligences

19

emotional intelligence

refers to a set of emotional abilities that enable individuals to process and adapt to emotional information. measured by kills enabling people to manage their own emotions and interact competency with others

20

sterotype threat

fear of being judged based on a negative stereotype and can trigger anxiety that interferes with performance

21

dynamic assessment

innovation consistent with Vygotskys zone of proximal development, an adult introduces purposeful teaching into the testing situation to find out what the child can attain with the social support

22

traditional classroom

teacher is the sole authority for knowledge, rules and decision making. students are relatively passive - listening resounding when called on and completing teacher - assigned tasks. their progress is evaluated by how well they keep pace with a uniform set of standards for their grade

23

constructivist classroom

encourage students to construct their own knowledge. based on piagets theory, graded based on development compared to prior progress

24

social-constructivst classrooms

children participate in a wide range of challenging activities with teachers and peers, with whom they jointly construct understandings. as children acquire knowledge and straggles thought working together they become competent contributing members of their classroom community and advance in cognitive and social development

25

cooperative learning

in which small groups of classmates work toward common goals - by resolving differences of opinion, sharing responsibilities and providing one another wit sufficient explanations to correct misunderstandings

26

educational self fulfilling prophecies

children may adopt teachers positive or negative views and start to live up to them

27

inclusive classrooms

student with learning difficulties learn alongside typical students in regular educational setting for all or part of the school day - practice designed t prepare them for participation in society and combat prejudices

28

learning disabilities

great difficulty with one or more aspects of learning usually reading, and thus achievement is far behind what would be expected based on IQ

29

gifted

displaying exceptional intellectual strengths

30

creativity

ability to produce that is original and appropriate, something others have not thought of that is useful in some way

31

divergent thinking

the generation of multiple and unusual possibilities when faced with a task or problem

32

convergent thinking

involves arriving at a single correct answer and is emphasized on intelligence tests

33

talent

outstanding performance in specific field