ch 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ch 12 Deck (15):
1

identity

majority personality achievement of adolescence and as a crucial step toward becoming a productive content adult. constructing an identity involves defining who you are, what you value and the directions you choose to pursue in life

2

identity v role confusion

psychological conflict of adolescence for erikson. if young peoples earlier conflicts are resolved negatively or if society limits their choices to ones that do not match their abilities and desires they may appear shallow directionless and unprepared for the challenges of adulthood

3

identity achievement

commitment to values of beliefs and goals following a period of exploration

4

identity moratorium

exploration without having reached commitment

5

james marcia

designed clinical interview procedure derived from erikson based on exploration and commitment and give to 4 identity statuses

6

identity foreclosure

commitment in the absence of exploration

7

identity diffusion

apathetic state characterized by lack of both exploration and commitment

8

preconventional level

morality is externally controlled, children accept the rules of authority figures and judge actions by their consequences. behaviors that result in punishment are viewed as bad, those that lead to rewards are good

9

conventional level

individuals continue to regard conformity to social rules as important but not for reasons of self-interest. rather, they believe that actively maintaining the current social system ensures positive relationships and societal order

10

postconventional level

move beyond unquestioning support for their own society's rules and laws. They define morality in terms of abstract principals and values that apply to all situations and societies

11

moral identity

the degree to which morality is central to self concept

12

gender intensification

increased gender stereotyping of attitudes and behavior and movement toward a more traditional gender identity

13

autonomy

sense of one self as separate, self governing individual - becomes salient task during adolescence

14

cliques

5-7 members who are friends and usually resemble one another in family background attitudes and values

15

crowd

several cliques with similar values make up a larger more loosely organized group