Ch. 11 Flashcards Preview

Building a Medical Vocabulary > Ch. 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 11 Deck (50)
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1

2 types of nervous systems

1) Somatic (voluntary)
2) Autonomic (sympathetic and parasympathetic)

2

Dendr(o)

Pertaining to tree or dendrite

3

Gli(o)

Pertaining to neuroglia

4

Reflex arc

Conduction of nerve impulses in an automatic, involuntary response to some change either inside or outside the body

5

DTR abbreviation and definition

Deep tendon reflex - an assessment of a reflex arc to determine the functioning of the system

6

Myel(o)

Pertaining to the spinal cord, or bone marrow

7

2 parts of the diencephalon

Thalamus and hypothalamus

8

Intrathecal injection

An injection into the subarachnoid space for diffusion of contrast material throughout the spinal fluid

9

# of pairs of spinal nerves that arise from the spinal cord

31

10

Sciatica

Neuralgia along the course of the sciatic nerve

11

Glasgow coma scale

Standardized system for assessing the degree of conscious impairment in the critical ill and for predicting the duration and ultimate outcome of the coma

12

Stupor

Condition where a patient is being vaguely aware of environment

13

Coma

Condition where patient does not appear to be aware of environment

14

Encephalography

Radiography of brain by withdrawal and replacement of CSF by a gas, only used when CT and MRI are not definitive because of risks

15

PET Scan abbreviation and definition

Positron emission tomography, computerized nuclear medicine technique that uses radioactive substances to assess the function of various body structures particularly the brain

16

Superficial reflex

A reflex test evaluated by stimulation of the skin

17

-Asthenia

Pertaining to weakness

18

-Lexia

Pertaining to words or phrases

19

-Orexia

Pertaining to hunger

20

-Algesia, -Esthesia

Sensitivity to pain

21

Pseudoesthesia

False sensation in absence of appropriate stimulus

22

Contusion

Bruising

23

Encephalomyelopathy

Disease involving the brain and spinal cord

24

Carpoptosis

Wristdrop, in which nerve damage results in a hand remaining in flexed position at the wrist without the ability to be extended

25

Dysarthria

Difficult, poorly articulated speech

26

Epidural hematoma

Accumulation of blood in the epidural space, compressing the dura mater and the brain

27

Subdural hematoma

Accumulation of blood between the dura mater and the arachnoid, often result of arachnoid tear

28

Intracerebral hematoma

Bleeding within the brain itself, associated with cerebral tear, high mortality rate

29

TIA abbreviation and definition

Transient ischemic attack, caused by a brief interuption of cerebral blood flow

30

Bell palsy

Acute paralysis of a cranial nerve affecting one side of the face