Ch. 4 Flashcards Preview

Building a Medical Vocabulary > Ch. 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 4 Deck (32)
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1

Hyperkalemia

Excess potassium in the blood

2

Hypernatremia

Excess sodium in the blood

3

Hidr(o)

Pertaining to sweat or perspiration

4

Muc(o)

Pertaining to mucus

5

Py(o)

Pertaining to pus

6

Sial(o)

Pertaining to saliva

7

Sanguinous

Containing blood

8

Purulent/suppurative

Pertaining to, consisting of, or producing pus

9

Hematoma

Localized collection of usually clotted blood resulting from a break in a blood vessel

10

In vitro

Occurring in a laboratory test tube or other artificial environment

11

In vivo

Occurring in a living organism

12

Blood platelets may also be referred to as...

...Thrombocytes

13

Thrombogenesis

Development of a blood clot

14

Embolism

Apiece of thrombus or bubble of gas that dislodges and circulates in the blood stream until becoming lodged in a vessel

15

Thrombopenia

Reduction in the number of blood platelets thus preventing clotting

16

Toxemia

Presence of microbial toxins in blood, as seen in toxic shock syndrome

17

Pallor

Paleness or absence of color

18

Leukocytosis

Increase in number of white blood cells in a regulated response to infection (unlike unregulated leukemia)

19

Erythroblastosis fetalis

Hemolytic anemia in the newborn with underdeveloped erythrocytes in the form of erythroblasts

20

Agglutination

Aggregating or clumping of erythrocytes

21

Heparin and warfarin

Anticoagulents produced within the body that prevent blood clots

22

Blood transfusion

Transfer of blood from one person to another

23

Autologous transfusion

Where blood is removed from a donor and stored for a period before being returned to circulation

24

Autologous graft

Transfer of tissue from one site to another on the same body

25

Homologous graft/allograft

Tissue removed from a donor for transplantation to a recipient of the same species

26

Isograft

A transplant from an identical twin to another

27

Anaphylaxis

Exaggerated, life threatening hypersensitivity reaction to an innocuous antigen

28

AHF abbreviation

Antihemophilic factor

29

CMV abbeviation

Cytomegalovirus

30

DIC abbreviation

Disseminated intravascular coagulation