Ch. 7 Flashcards Preview

Building a Medical Vocabulary > Ch. 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 7 Deck (55)
Loading flashcards...
1

Alimentary tract

Alternative name for GI system

2

Peristalsis

Coordinated, rhythmic muscular contractions

3

-stalsis

Referring to contraction

4

Alimentation

Process of providing nourishment for the body

5

DRI abbreviation and definition

Dietary reference intakes, the levels of daily intake of essential nutrients considered to meet nutritional needs

6

Amolysis, proteolysis, lipolysis

Breaking down of starch, protein, fat

7

Eupepsia

Normal digestion

8

Polydipsia

Excessive thirst

9

Bolus

Mass of chewed food

10

Chyme

Liquid mass of food broken down mechanically and chemically, moved into the small intestine

11

Stomat(o)

Pertaining to mouth

12

Sialaden(o)

Pertaining to salivary glands

13

Choledoch(o)

Pertaining to the common bile duct

14

Cholecyst(o)

Pertaining to gall bladder

15

Colic

Pertaining to the large intestine, also means spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ accompanied by pain

16

Bucc(o)

Pertaining to cheek

17

Cheil(o)

Pertaining to lip

18

Gingiv(o)

Pertaining to gums

19

Pylor(o)

Pertaining to pylorus

20

Periodontal

Around the tooth

21

3 regions of the stomach

1) Cardiac regions
2) Fundus
3 Pylorus

22

Proct(o)

Pertaining to anus or rectum

23

Appendicular

Referring to appendage or vermiform appendix

24

Retrocecal

Behind the cecum of the large intestine

25

Chol(e) and Bil(i)

Pertains to bile or gall

26

Esophagogastroscopy

Endoscopic examinaion of the esophagus and stomach using a gastroscope

27

Cholangiography

Radiography of the major bile duct to demonstrate stones and tumors

28

Sialography

Radiographic examination of the salivary glands after injection of radiopaque contrast medium

29

LFT abbreviation

Liver function test, a series of exams that can be performed to evaluate function on the liver

30

Hematochezia

Presence of blood in stool