Ch. 13 Flashcards Preview

Building a Medical Vocabulary > Ch. 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 13 Deck (51)
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1

DERMA acronym

D vitamin synthesis
Elimination of wastes through perspiration
Regulation of body temp through perspiration
Makes info about environment available to brain
Acts as barrier to pathogens

2

Kerat(o)

Pertaining to keratin, horny, or cornea

3

Hidr(o)

Pertaining to sweat

4

Onych(o), ungu(o)

Pertaining to nail

5

Pil(o), trich(o)

Pertaining to hair

6

Seb(o)

Pertaining to sebum

7

Dermatome 3 meanings

1) Layer of tissue in early human development in embryology
2) An instrument used to cut thin slices of skin for grafting in surgery
3) Skin surface area innervated by a spinal nerve according to the nerves source in A&P

8

Lunula

White part of the nail

9

Onychophagia

Habitual nail biting

10

Curettage

Scraping of material from a lesion using an instrument called a curet

11

Induration

Hardening of a tissue, especially the skin, and is usually caused by edema and inflammation

12

Erythemat(o)

Pertaining to redness

13

Xer(o)

Pertaining to sharpness

14

-phoresis

Pertaining to transmission

15

rhytid(o)

Pertaining to wrinkle

16

Discoid lupus erythematosus

Chronic systemic disease characterized by lesions covered in scales, believed to be autoimmune

17

Ichthyosis

A variety of skin conditions where it is dry and scaly, sometimes hereditory

18

Pediculosis

Infestation by human lice

19

Macule

Nonraised, small dark spot on skin

20

Papule

Small raised lesion less than 1cm in diameter

21

Plaque

Flat, dry, often raised patch

22

Vesicles

Small blisters containing clear fluid

23

Bullae

Blisters greater than 1cm filled with clear fluid

24

Pustules

Small circumscribed elevation of skin containing purulent fluid

25

Wheals

Transient, elevetaed, and irregularly shaped lesions resulting from an allergic skin reaction

26

Fissures

Linear crack in the epidermis

27

Scales

Dried fragments of sloughed epidermis frequently seen in psoriasis

28

Scar

Mark remaining after healing of the wound

29

Ulcer

Deep, irregular erosions that extend into the dermis

30

Excoriation

A scratch, injury to surface of the body created by trauma