Ch. 8 Flashcards Preview

Building a Medical Vocabulary > Ch. 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 8 Deck (39)
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1

Renal pelvis

Funnel shaped structure where kidney joins the ureter

2

Pyel(o)

Pertaining to the renal pelvis

3

Vesic(o)

Pertaining to a fluid filled sac, usually the urinary bladder

4

Cyst(o)

Pertaining to fluid filled sac, usually urinary bladder

5

Abdominocystic

Referring to the abdomen and urinary bladder

6

Components of nephron

Glomerulus and Tubules

7

Micturition

Urination, expelling urine from the bladder

8

GFR abbreviation

Glomerular filtration rate, calculated volume of fluid filtered by the glomeruli in each nephron of the kidney

9

KUB abbreviation

Kidneys, ureters, and bladder

10

I&O abbreviation

Intake and output, a 24 hour record to provide info regarding fluid and or electrolyte problems

11

UA abbreviation

Urinalysis

12

Olig(o)

Few, scanty

13

Specific gravity

Density of urine compared with density of water, conc urine has a high specific gravity

14

Ketoacidosis

Accumulation of ketones in body

15

Albumin

Protein typically present in urine

16

Urea

Nitrogen compound final product of protein metabolism

17

Pyuria

Presence of pus in urine

18

Foley catheter

Catheter designed to be left in place for prolonged periods of time, held securely in place by balloon tip filled with sterile liquid after the catheter has been placed in the bladder for continuous drainage

19

Cystometrography

Process of getting info on the amount of pressure exerted on a bladder wall

20

Cystometer

Measures bladder capacity in relation to changing urine pressure

21

Nephrostomy

Surgical formation of an opening in the renal pelvis typically for catheterization

22

Intravenous urography

X ray images of the entire urinary system after urine has been rendered opaque by contrast medium injected intravenously

23

Dysuria

Difficult or painful urination

24

Polyuria

Excretion of abnormally large quantity of urine

25

Oliguria

Diminished urine production

26

Urgency, frequency, hesitency

The sudden onset to urinate, increased frequency in number of urinations, and difficulty beginning the flow of urination

27

Enuresis/incontinence

Inability to control urination

28

Hydronephrosis

Distension of the renal pelvis and kidney by urine that cannot flow past obstruction in ureter

29

Hypospadias

Congenital defect in which urinary meatus is located below usual location

30

Epispadias

Congenital defect in which urinary meatus is above usual location